Childhood

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  • Created by: Ptv4aday
  • Created on: 24-04-16 14:16
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  • Childhood
    • Childhood is a social construct
      • The modern western notion of childhood
        • It is generally accepted in society that childhood is special and children are fundamentally different from adults
        • Pilcher
          • Separate. clear and distinct life stage
            • Laws that protect children. They regulate what children can do
              • The 'golden age' of happiness and innocence
                • Seen as vulnerable and in need of protection from the dangers of the adult world
                  • Must be seperated
                  • NOT UNIVERSAL.
                    • Waggs
                      • Childhood is socially constructed
                    • Other cultures see childhood and adulthood as not different
                  • Western view of childhood
            • Differences between children and adults
              • Dress
              • Products
    • Reasons for the change in position
      • Laws restricting child labour and excluding children from paid work.
      • Compulsory schooling in 1880
      • Child protection and welfare legislation
      • Growth of children s rights
    • Has the position of children improved?
      • The march of progress view
        • Argue that over the past few centuries the position has been steadily improving and today it is better than ever
          • Better healthcare, higher standards of living, protection from harm
          • Family has become child centered
            • Society as a whole has become child centered
        • Shorter
        • Aries
      • Marxism
        • Society is based on conflict between different social groups and classes
          • Inequalities among children in terms of opportunities & risks
      • Feminism
        • Some have more power, status and wealth than others
          • Inequalities between children and adults are greater than ever
            • Oppression, greater control, and dependency
              • Gender difference
              • Ethnic difference
              • Class inequality
              • Age patriarchy
            • There are controls over child space
            • Controls over child time
            • Childhood neglect and abuse
            • Control over childrens bodies
    • The future of childhood
      • Postman
        • The disaperance
      • A seperate childhood culture
        • Opie
        • Childhood is not disappearing
      • Toxic childhood
        • Damage to childrens physical and intellctual and emotional development
          • Changes such as junk food, games, and intensive marketing on children encourage this
          • May be disapearing because of change in birth and death rates

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