Child Language Aquisition Theory

  • Created by: lizdog
  • Created on: 04-02-19 17:35
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  • CLD Theorists
    • Nativism
      • Noam Chomsky
        • Humans have an inbuilt capability to acquire language
        • children often experience the same stages of development at similar paces and often make their own rules for language or overgeneralise
        • LAD
          • The capacity to acquire language is innate within humans
          • The human brain is pre-programmed to acquire grammatical structures
          • Human languages share many similarities, which he calls Universal Grammar
    • Behaviourism
      • Overextension
        • Eve Clark
          • Found that children overextend the physical qualities of others and features such as shape, sound, taste, movement, size and textures
          • Studied first words
        • Leslie Rescorla
          • Catergorical Overextension - the name of one member of a category is extended to all members of the category - eg. all fruit called an 'apple'
          • Analogical Overextension - a word for one object is used for one in a different category - eg. 'ball' used for all round fruit
          • Mismatch Statements - one-word sentences which appear quite abstract / a child makes a statement about one object in relation to another (eg. saying 'duck' when looking at an empty pond)
        • Fis Phenomenon
      • Berko- Wug Test
        • provided evidence for the belief that children overgeneralise
        • "this is a wug. Now there is another one. There are two of them. There are two____."
        • Three-quarters of 4-5 year olds surveyed formed the regular plural 'Wugs'.
      • Bruner- LASS
        • the child's interaction with the adults around them
        • rituals and games like the alphabet song or 'Peek-a-Boo' are educational
        • Scaffolding
    • Cognitivism- Piaget
      • language acquisition is part of a wider development of understanding
      • he argued that children will only acquire more complex forms when their intellectual development can cope so trying to teach things before they are ready will be unsuccesful
      • 'Discovery Learning'
    • CDS
      • repetition
      • present tense
      • fewer verbs/modifiers
      • concrete nouns
    • Functions of Speech
      • Halliday
        • Instrumental - to fulfil a need (eg. want juice)
        • Regulatory-to influence the behaviour of others (eg. pick up)
        • Interactional - to build social relationships (eg. Love you)
        • Personal - conveying opinions, ideas and personal identity (eg. Me like Charlie and Lola)
        • Representational - facts and information (eg. it cold)
        • Imaginative - creating an imaginary world (eg. me mum you dad)
        • Heuristic - to learn about their environment (eg. what's that?)
      • John Dore
        • Labelling
        • Repeating
        • Answering
        • Requesting Action
        • Calling
        • Greeting
        • Protesting
        • Practising
    • Stages of language development
      • 1) Vegetative
      • 2) Cooing
      • 3) Babbling
      • 4) Proto-Words
      • 5) Holophrasistic
      • 6) Two word
      • 7) Telegraphic
      • 8) Post telegraphic

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