Child Language Acquisition

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Em
  • Created on: 14-04-16 19:05
View mindmap
  • Child language acquisition
    • Holophrastic stage 12-18 months
      • Lexical process is underway
      • Around 50 words used
        • A childs first words relate to their immediate surroundings and are connected to things that children can hear, see, smell, touch and have a social function
          • Classes of objects- dog, shoe, car
            • Specific objects- mummy, daddy
      • Overextension- use the same word for different things that may be related in some way e.g apple for any spherical fruit
        • Underextension- child uses a word in an overly restricted way e.g the word sock may be used for just their sock and no one else's
    • Two word stage 18-24 months
      • At about 18 months children begin to put 2 words together and this is the start of syntax because the words create a grammatical relationship
        • Common combinations-subject + verb= doggie barking, verb + object= give biccy, subject + object= mummy teddy, subject + complement= radio loud
        • To move to telegraphic stage you are likely to struggle with the basic lexis of 50 words hence the telegraphic stage occurs when the reaches 300 words
      • Children as young as 20 months start to use inflections
        • Inflections add to the beginning/ end of a word
          • 3 stages of learning inflections (cruttenden 1979)
        • Plurals (bricks), Possessives ( Dolly's bricks) Past tense (i dropped dolly) Articles (get the bricks)
    • Telegraphic stage 12-36 months
      • Most children will have learned to use all of the vowel sounds by the time they are 30 months
        • Earliest mastered tends to be m, and n (nasal sounds) p and t
        • Last learned tends to be th, v, ch and j
    • Post-telegraphic stage 36+ months
      • More grammatically complex combinations.Uses complex utterances accurately and practices and refines learnt skills
      • 300 words
      • By age 3, children can engage in simple question and answer sessions and can solve basic problems and concepts
      • Children develop the ability to ask questions in the first 3 years
        • Stage 1- 18 months- during the two word stage, children start to use rising intonation to indicate a question
        • Stage 2- between 2 and 3 years- in telegraphic talk, rising intonation is used but they now include "wh" words e.g where doggie?
        • Stage 3- 3+ years- use of subject-verb inversion e.g can i have it? Is mummy coming?
    • Cooing- sounds of discomfort and reflexive actions (0-4 months)
    • Vegetative- comfort sounds and vocal play using open-mouthed vowel sounds (4-6 months)
    • Babbling- repeated patterns of consonant and vowel sounds (6-12 months)
    • Porto-Words- word-like vocalisations, not matching actual words but used consistently for the same meaning (12+ months)
    • Use of negatives
      • Stage 1- 18 months- use of 'no' or 'not' the beginning of a phrase to create negatives e.g 'no porridge'
        • Stage 2- between 2 and 3- Using 'not' or 'no' before verbs e.g i no want porridge'
          • Stage 3- 3+ years- stop using just 'no' and 'not'. Standardising use of 'can't' and 'don't' as well as adding other contraction e.g 'didn't'

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Child language acquisition resources »