Child language Mindmap

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  • CHILD LANGUAGE
    • THEORIES
      • Nativist
        • Noam Chomsky
        • Innate ability to learn language
        • Inbuilt capacity to learn (LAD)
        • Impressive speed of language aquisition
        • Need input to develop pragmatic understanding
      • Behaviourist
        • Language is learnt through imitation
        • B.F.Skinner
        • Reinforcement is used through rewards
        • Imitation plays a key role
        • Infinite number of sentences
      • Cognitive
        • Children are active learners
        • Cannot be taught before they are ready
      • Social Interactionist
        • Bruner
          • Language Acquisition Support System
          • Pragmatics and conversation skills learn through adult interaction
        • Vygotsky
          • Zone of proximal development
          • Scaffolding to support development
    • FEATURES
      • Deletion
        • Omitting the final consonant
        • Do(g)
      • Substitution
        • Substituting one sound for another
        • 'Pip' for 'Ship'
      • Addition
        • Adding an extra vowel sound to the ends of words
        • 'Doggie'
      • Assimilation
        • Changing one consonant  for a vowel
        • 'Gog' for 'Dog'
      • Reduplication
        • Repeating a whole syllable
        • 'Dada'
    • STAGES
      • Holophrasic
        • One word, random utterances
        • Age : 9-18 months
        • Usually a noun
          • 'Mum'
          • 'Drink'
          • 'Bottle'
      • Two Word
        • 'Mini-sentences with simple semantic relations
          • 'More cereal'
        • Age : 18-24 months
      • Telegraphic
        • Three or more words with increasingly complex syntax and lexis
          • 'Mummy get milk'
          • Vocab increases from 50 words to 3,000
        • Age : 24-30 months
      • Post Telegraphic
        • Increasing awareness of rules and structure
          • 'Mummy and Daddy'
          • 'I want drink but not bottle'
        • Age : 30+

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