Chemistry: Organic Chemistry

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  • Chemistry: Organic Chemistry
    • Basic terms
      • Homologous Series
        • A series of organic compounds that have the same general formular, similar chemistry and differ from the next by a -CH2- group
      • Hydrocarbon
        • a compound containing only the elements HYDROGEN and CARBON
      • Saturated
        • An organic compound in which ALL the bonds are single bonds
      • unsaturated
        • An organic compound that contains a CARBON-CARBON double bound
      • General formular
        • formular that states the ratio of atoms of each element in the formular of every compound in a particular homologous series
      • Isomerism
        • compound that have the same molecular formular but different displayed formular and said to exhibit isomerism;the different compoundsare called ISOMERS
    • Alkanes
      • Homologous series of compounds
      • General Formula
        •  
      • Propane, C3H8
      • Butane, C4H10
        • Methyllpropane
      • Ethene, C2H6
      • Pentane, C5H12
        • dimethylpropane
        • Methylbutane
      • Methane, CH4
    • Alkenes
      • Homologous series of compounds
      • General formula
        •  
      • Ethene, C2H4
      • Butane, C4H8
        • But-1-ene
        • Methylpropene
        • But-2-ene
      • Propene, C3H6
    • Ethanol
      • Fermintation
        • rate of reaction
          • very slow (several days)
        • type of process
          • Batch Process
        • quality of product
          • dilute solution of ethanol (needs further processing)
        • Raw Materials
          • Renewable resources e.g. sugar cane
        • reaction conditions
          • low temperature
      • Hydration of Ethene
        • Raw Materials
          • non renewable e.g. crude oil
        • Rate of Reaction
          • fast
        • Quality of Product
          • pure ethanol
        • Reaction Conditions
          • high temp + high pressures = increase in cost
        • Type of Process
          • continious process
  • Reactions of alkanes
    • Combustion
      • Without Oxegen
        •  
      • With oxygen
        •  
    • Bromine
      • Substitution reaction
        •  
    • Alkanes
      • Homologous series of compounds
      • General Formula
        •  
      • Propane, C3H8
      • Butane, C4H10
        • Methyllpropane
      • Ethene, C2H6
      • Pentane, C5H12
        • dimethylpropane
        • Methylbutane
      • Methane, CH4
  • Reactions of Alkenes
    • Bromine
      • Decolourise in the presence of bromine
      • Addition reaction
    • Alkenes
      • Homologous series of compounds
      • General formula
        •  
      • Ethene, C2H4
      • Butane, C4H8
        • But-1-ene
        • Methylpropene
        • But-2-ene
      • Propene, C3H6
  • Reactions of Ethanol
    • Ethanol
      • Fermintation
        • rate of reaction
          • very slow (several days)
        • type of process
          • Batch Process
        • quality of product
          • dilute solution of ethanol (needs further processing)
        • Raw Materials
          • Renewable resources e.g. sugar cane
        • reaction conditions
          • low temperature
      • Hydration of Ethene
        • Raw Materials
          • non renewable e.g. crude oil
        • Rate of Reaction
          • fast
        • Quality of Product
          • pure ethanol
        • Reaction Conditions
          • high temp + high pressures = increase in cost
        • Type of Process
          • continious process
    • Dehydration
      • Passing ethnol vapour over hot aluminium oxide (which acts a a catalyst) to create poly(ethene)
    • Combustion
      • Fuel

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