Chemistry- Fuels from Oils

Brief introduction to Fuels from Oils and Hydrocarbons.

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Chemistry- Fuels from Oil
    • Alkenes
      • C(n)H(2n)
      • Always has a double bond between 2 carbons
      • Very reactive
        • Therefore Alkenes are more useful than Alkanes
    • Crude Oil
      • Raw material extracted from ground
    • Alkanes
      • C(n)H(2n+2)
      • Good for fuels
      • Not overly reactive
        • Therefore Alkenes are more useful than Alkanes
    • Naming hydrocarbons
      • Meth - 1 carbon present
      • Eth - 2
      • Prop - 3
      • But - 4
      • Pent - 5
    • Incomplete combustion
      • When something burns too fast for enough oxygen to be supplied
        • Can result in Carbon Monoxide (eg)
          • 2C + O2 --> 2CO
            • Not enough oxygen has been used
    • Combustion
      • Requirements of fire
        • Heat/energy supply
        • Presence of oxygen
        • Burnable material
      • Material has to evaporate and mix with oxygen in the air before it can combust

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Crude oil, cracking and hydrocarbons resources »