Charles and Parliament

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  • First Parliament, 1625
    • CHARLES AND PARLIAMENT
      • Second Parliament, 1626
        • EXPEDITION TO CADIZ FAILS IN 1625 = debate this and relationship with France, Buckingham blamed.
        • Finance an issue - MP's want grievances raised before subsidies.
        • MP's want Buckingham impeached = DISSOLVED
      • FORCED LOAN, 1626 AND FIVE KNIGHTS CASE, 1627
        • FORCED LOAN = Direct royal command for those who usually paid subsidies to 'lend' money
        • FIVE KNIGHT'S CASE = Five men who refused to pay the forced loan test legality of imprisonment.
      • Third Parliament, 1628
        • Concessions made on both sides = FIVE SUBSIDIES and TONNAGE AND POUNDAGE.
      • Death of Buckingham, 1628
        • Henrietta Maria's power increased
        • Wentworth's power increased (in North/Ireland)
    • Religious dispute - A New Gag for an Old Goose.
    • Buckingham removes enemies.
    • Arguments over war and foreign policy - Commons want sea war, Buckingham wants a land war.
  • PETITION OF RIGHT = made the forced loan and martial law illegal, illegality of taxation outside Parliament.
    • Charles signs this in 1628 but uses the wrong form of words - published this way
    • Third Parliament, 1628
      • Concessions made on both sides = FIVE SUBSIDIES and TONNAGE AND POUNDAGE.

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