Chapter 4

  • Created by: Angel9119
  • Created on: 21-02-19 00:23
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  • Chapter 4 -  The Middle Ages
    • Adjectives
      • Arts flourished, encouraged and paid for by the church. Medieval arts concentrated at the cathedral.
      • Unifying
      • Vocal, smooth and flowing melodies.
      • Irregular phrase lengths and lively rhythms.
      • Rise of polyphony and secular music.
    • Dates
      • Earliest = 8th or 9th century.
        • (400-1400)
    • Feudalism
      • the dominant social system in medieval Europe
        • FRENCH AND ITALIAN STYLES MERGE DUE TO PAPACY, TWO POPES
    • Plainchant (Gregorian)
      • Vocal, unison, free rhythm, modes, syllabic and melismatic, monophonic, can be simple or elaborate.
      • Vocal music for churhc.
    • Secular V Liturgical (sacred)
      • Secular song was nonreligious music based on topics of love or politics
    • Modes
      • Important in plainchant. 4 MAIN MODES:
        • D-mode (Dorian) in many folk songs.
        • E-mode (Phrygian)
        • F and G-mode
    • Beatriz de Dia
      • A female troubadour.
    • Lute
      • Plucked stringed instrument with a long neck.
    • Troubadors
      • Gave rise to secular song in the 12th century.  Poet-musicians, topics of love, duty, friendship, ceremony, courtly love, idealized women. (aristocratic courts in FR)
    • Trouveres
      • Epic poet FR 11-14th
    • Guillaume de Machaut
      • Polyphonic and secular music (FR) Subtle and intense, small motives, fluid duple and triple meters, chromatic notes.
    • Rondeau
    • Caccia
      • Play on words, means hunt and the songs describe hunting scenes, also means round in which the voices sin the same music but begin at different times. Melody chases itself.
    • Counterpoint/ Contrapuntal/ Polyphonic
      • Rise in the 10th century. Mostly composed in Paris (ND) for major feasts of the Church year.  (France and Italy forefront)
        • Leoninus and Perotinus composed Magnus Liber Organi.

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