chapter 3: living the christian life

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  • chapter 3: living the christian life
    • christian celebrations
      • advent
        • starts on the Sunday closest to 30th November. marks start of christian year as the preparation for Christmas begins
      • holy week
        • palm Sunday-jesus arrival in Jerusalem on donkey greeted by huge crowds laying down palm tress
        • holy Monday-Mary anointing jesus with oil at Bethany as a sign of gods approval
        • holy Tuesday-jesus predicting that Judas would betray him
        • holy weds-Judas arranging to betray jesus with high priests
        • maundy Thurs-jesus washing disciples feet and last supper
        • good Fri-jesus death on cross
        • holy sat-jesus going to hell and preaching to the dead
    • pilgrimage
      • what is it?
        • a special journey to a place of religious significance. undertaken by a pilgrim
      • divergent christian views
        • seen to be a special opportunity to pray and experience closeness to god
        • some protestant churches dont place much emphasis on it . they may encourage it put iit's not seen as the central part of christian life
    • the sacraments
      • what are they?
        • an important christian ceremony
        • many Christians see them as a sign of love from god
        • some believe they are more then signs and are 'effective signs'
        • for something to be a sacrament it has to be officially recognized by the church
        • not all sacraments are carried out in all churches but they are 'official' in all of them
      • sacraments recognized by different groups
        • catholic council and orthadox agree there are 7 sacraments
          • marriage
          • eucharist
            • sacraments of initiation
              • confirmation
              • baptism
                • church of england agreed to the 39 articles of religion;only recognise 2 sacraments according to article 25
            • church of england agreed to the 39 articles of religion;only recognise 2 sacraments according to article 25
          • taking holy order
            • sacraments of service
              • marriage
          • confirmation
          • reconciliation
            • sacraments of healing
          • baptism
            • anointing the sick
              • sacraments of healing
          • in some protestant churches no sacraments are officially recognised
        • 39 articles of religion
          • mid C16 church of England split from catholic church was feeling pressure from protestant denominations
          • 1562- bishops and archbishops of england disscussed matters of belief. eventually agreeing to the 39 articles
          • cover heaven, hell, baptism, creeds, and much more
        • celebrating the sacraments
          • 2 important aspects
            • physical side
              • can be felt,touched,seen,smelled or tasted as,for example bread and wine in eucharist
            • spiritual side
              • each sacraments brings a spiritual blessing to the persons involved.
      • the future of the church
        • missionary work
          • telling othersabot their faith
        • evangalist work
          • believed to be something natural in conversation as they talk about their faith
          • importance
            • allows Christians to obey esus
            • can help poor and suffering to have hope
            • brings many new Christians to the church
      • the local church
        • importance
          • place for them to fgather as a community
          • place to learn about christian beliefs and way of life
          • special services for weddings, baptisms and funerals otherwise have a set service
        • how it helps individual believers
          • gives spiritual support to sick
          • praying for those in need
          • outreach to children, poor and needy
          • raising money for charity
          • telling people about jesus
        • ecumenism
          • movement  trying to bring different Christians together
          • enrances of different ideas
          • mutual understanding of cheristian church
          • less discrimination&conflict
          • friendship among christians
      • christian worship
        • liturgical & non-liturgical
          • liturgical- usually following an agreed form of words
          • non-liturgical- service has a clear structure, there will be no or fewer  set of words other then words to songs
            • more common in charismatic churches
          • Anglican church has both types of  services
            • Anglican communion is a type of liturgical worship
            • Anglican denomination is a type of non-liturgical worship
        • book of common prayer
          • is the oldest Anglican service book.
          • written in C17 by Thomas Cranmer
          • many of its prayers and services are still used today
          • contains special servicesfor ordaining priests and bishops,39 articles
        • divergent christian attitudes
          • most Christians worship in  both of these forms
          • some Christians prefer using one form of service over the other
        • individual worship
          • those who do this may want to praise god for who he is so they can feel closer to him
          • believers often worship to god on their own
          • may have a particular problem they want to talk to god about.
          • can include prayer, meditation, bible reading, singing and quiet thinking
      • prayer
        • what is it?
          • A way of communicating with god.
        • set prayers
          • this type is done in catholic and Anglican churches
          • usually read or sung from a text and follow a set pattern
        • informal prayer
          • done in evangelical and charismatic churches
          • prayer tends to be much more spontaneous as believers say that they are lead by the holy spirit to choose words to express how they are feeling
        • private prayer
          • praying in private places such as home they might set their prayers or offer them in silence
        • special purposes of prayer
          • thanksgiving
          • contrition
            • telling god what they have done is wrong and asks for forgiveness
          • supplication
            • asking god for something for themselves or others
          • intercession
            • asking god to help other people
          • worship
        • divergent christian attitudes
          • most denominations prefer the lords prayer as Christians believe they are following jesus
          • some prefer praying using a set prayer, finding comfort in using words that have been said through history
          • also value praying aloud in groups, saying 'amen' after the person finishes speaking
      • the worldwide church
        • role in worldwide community
          • representing jesus on earth
          • bringing gospel to all people
          • helping poor, sick& needy
          • promoting friendships
        • christian aid
          • official relief and development agency of 41 churches .
          • operates in 3 main ways
            • 1) giving immediate aid eg first aid, food,shelter,clothing
            • 2)long term aid and education to help poor feed themselves
            • 3)running political campaigns
          • also works for reconciliation, defending poor against rich and powerful people,to end oppressive debt and campaigns for justice and hyman rights
        • reconciliation
          • mends broken relationships, bringing peace and harmony between individuals
        • persecution
          • the ill treatment of an individual or group, usually on the grounds of religion,politics or ethnicity,
          • also called oppression
    • individual worship
      • those who do this may want to praise god for who he is so they can feel closer to him
      • believers often worship to god on their own
      • may have a particular problem they want to talk to god about.
      • can include prayer, meditation, bible reading, singing and quiet thinking

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