CHAPTER 2 - PSC

  • Created by: Angel9119
  • Created on: 16-02-19 22:46
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  • US Constitution
    • American Political Tradition
      • John Locke and the social contract.
      • Representative gov in the foundations of US colonies. (Mayflower pilgrims/ compact governed themselves)
    • American Revolution
      • King and Parliament abused rights, they were once proud Britons, changes in 1763 due to 7 Years War.
        • P impose direct taxes, Stamp Act, Townshend Act, Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, coercive Acts.
      • 1776 Dec of Independence by Thomas Jefferson.
    • Articles of Confederation
      • Downfall
        • Weak central gov, limited powers, no power to tax, underfunded, debts, useless currency, crippled economy, british merchants, gov couldn't raise an army
      • Accepted in congress in 1777, approved by all 13 states in 1781.
      • Wanted a Republic but feared too powerful reps, confederation of self-governing states.
        • CONFED: Central gov only govern things like national defense, congress dealt with foreign affairs, each state legislature appointed members of congress.
    • Development
      • Small states V Large
        • Large states wanted a bicameral legislature, reps based on state size. (VIRGINIA PLAN)
        • Small states wanted the NEW JERSEY PLAN, each state one vote, unicameral.
      • Slavery V freedom
        • Northern states abolished slavery, DEC.
        • Southern states still saw slaves as property which could be taxed.
      • Federal V State
        • North/small wanted a strong gov, national defence, taxation.
        • South/large wanted limitation, power lies with the states.
      • Liberty V Stability
        • North gov should guarantee life liberty and property
        • South gov can limit liberty
    • Compromise
      • Separation of Powers
        • EXEC
          • Commander-in-chief of the armed forces, appoints fed judges, power to veto, rep for foreign affairs, pardons.
        • LEG
          • Congress pass leg, declare war, treaties, appointments approval, impeach president, regulate SC.
        • JUD
          • SC, impeachment trials, declare EXEC action unconstitutional.
      • Federal V State
        • Enumerated powers = granted to fed gov to declare war, tax etc.
        • Reserved powers = state gov right to levy taxes, pass law.
        • Supremacy clause, constitution and law supreme law of the land.
      • 1787, US CONS 7 ARTICLES, First three separate powers into executive, legislative and judiciary.
        • The Great Compromise suggested congress would have 2 chambers, the senate and House of Reps.
        • The 3/5ths compromise on slavery population counts for voting. Article 1 postponed abolition of slavery and 4 prevented them from escaping.
    • Ratification
      • Federalists believed ratification needed, strong gov, national currency and reg of trade. FEDERALIST PAPERS
        • Anti-Federalists, power in the hands of the small farmers, centralisation bad, religious tol bad.
    • Amendment
      • 1st
      • 2nd
      • 3rd
      • 4th
      • 5th
      • 6th & 7th
      • 8th
      • 9th
      • 10th
      • 13th
      • 14th
      • 15th & 19th
      • 17th
      • 20th
      • 22nd
      • 23rd
      • 24th
      • 26th

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