Changing Relations between Crown and Parliament 1603-1642

Why did James I clash with Parliament?

The signifance and consequences of these  changing relations 

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  • Changing Relations Between Crown & Parliament 1603-1642
    • Conspicuous Consuption
      • James's wasteful use of money - he inherited a crown debt of £400,000 from spending too much on gifts and favourites. His attempts at securing more income failed due to his reputation and led him to dissolving Parliament
    • Favourites
      • James had quite a few 'favourites' at court (e.g. Buckingham). Many were Scottish and represented by English MPs. Many were incompetent in Parliament and all were given excessive rewards by James.
    • Divine Right of Kings
      • Elizabeth had the same view, but kept them to herself. James wrote many book about kingship and the House of Commons - how it was a body without a head.
    • James and Parliament Privileges
      • James never hid his dislike of Parliament and they feared that unless the king stopped ruling without proclamations, the country would move towards absolutism (rule without Parliament).
    • Union of England and Scotland
      • James's most precious idea, but didn't happen till 1707. The Scottish courtiers had done nothing to improve English MP's views of Scotland. As Scotland was a poorer country, MPs worried that England would be financially weakened
    • Grievances
      • A committee that enabled MPs to choose their own 'Speaker' in Parliament - speaker used to be appointed by King. MPs wanted  grievances  met before they helped James.
    • Many councillors who should have supported James's government failed to defend his policies because they had grievances or thought it was pointless resisting critics of the government
    • Failure to control Parliament
      • Tudors had filled the House of Commons with men who could persuade MPs to do as the King wanted. Most of James's councillors were second-rate.
    • "The Country Opposition"
      • A group of MPs who opposed the Scottish favourites and put local politics above national politics (they had a big influence)

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