Changing Places

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  • Changing Places
    • Media, experienced, far and near
      • Insider= someone who feels a sense of belonging to a particular place.
        • people have stronger relationships with places they are familiar with.
        • Outsider= someone who does not belong to an area or is not familiar with the social norms.
      • Near and far places: geographical or used to describe emotional connection.
      • Experienced and media places: experienced is a place someone has visited. media places only been read about or seen through tv.
      • Endogenous: (internal) location, topography, land use, built environment, demographic and economic
      • Exogenous: (external) relationships with other places
        • Examples: religion, socio-economic, political
    • Place or space
      • Aspects of place
        • Location: where a place is located (e.g. on a map)
        • Locale: effect that people have on their setting, a place is shaped by people, cultures and customs
        • sense of place: subjective and emotional attachment that a person has on a place.
          • Multidimensionality: where a person has an emotional attachment to a place, but it is different for every person.
        • 'clone town'- settlements where high streets dominated by chain stores.
          • Homogenisation: places and social characteristics become more similar so eventually become indistinguishable.
      • place: dynamic areas where people, ideas and information come together, a place has meaning.
      • Space: a location which has no social connections for a human being.
      • identity of place
        • localism: emotional ownership of a place
          • NIMBYism=(not in my back yard) people reluctant to be affected by development
        • Regionalism: loyalty to a distinct region with population that shares similarities.
        • Nationalism: devotion to nation, creating a sense of national consciousnes
      • Spatial exclusion: certain areas being excluded from society.
        • gated communities: enclosed housing estates where access is strictly controlled
          • Social Cohesion: everyone gets along.
      • social exclusion: feeling 'out of place' or not belonging to a certain society
        • groups excluded from society: homeless, ethnic minorities, LGBTQ+, disabled, travellers
          • Social cleansing: the removal of undesirable people from a location
        • Socio-tennural polarisation: the gap between the rich and the poor.
    • Relationships and connections
      • change in places
        • factors influencing change
          • conflict, terrorism, natural disasters, climate change
          • perceptions of international places tend to be influenced more by the media than by experience.
        • agents of change
          • government policies, multinational corperations, impact of international or global institutions
        • Strategies
          • Re-imaging- dissociates place from bad pre-existing images in relation to poor housing, deprivation, crime, pollution and industrial dereliction-> attracts investment, tourists and residents.
          • Rebranding- redeveloped and marketed so it gains new identity. attracts investment, retail, tourists.
          • Regeneration- long-term process involving redevelopment and social, economic, environmental and economic action to reverse urban decline and create sustainable communities.


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