Changing Family Patterns - Divorce

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  • Changing Family Patterns - Divorce
    • Rising Expectations of Marriage
      • Fletcher (1966)
        • Higher expectations of marriage are a major cause in rising divorce rates
        • Takes  optimistic view - more divorces means more remarriages
        • Feminists say this ignores oppression of women within the family,. Functionalists fail to explain why  primarily women seek divorce
          • Allan and Crow (2001)
            • Love, commitment and satisfaction are the basis of modern marriage.
              • Not being satisfied is justification enough to end a marriage
      • Allan and Crow (2001)
        • Love, commitment and satisfaction are the basis of modern marriage.
          • Not being satisfied is justification enough to end a marriage
    • Women's financial independance
      • Women today are much more likely to be in paid work
      • Availability of welfare means that women don't have to be dependant on husbands
      • Allan and Crow
        • Family is no longer a unit of production, so spouses are not dependant on each other.
    • Modernity and Idividualisation
      • Beck (1992) and Giddens (1992)
        • In modern-day society, traditional norms lose power over people
      • Giddens
        • 'Pure relationship'
          • Exists solely to fulfill partner's needs
      • Women having freedom can cause differences in interest between partners.
    • Perspectives
      • The New Right
        • Divorce undermines marriage, and the nuclear family
        • Divorce is likely to create a generation who are dependant on welfare, and without male role models, supposedly leading to academic failure and higher crime
      • Feminists
        • Shows women breaking free from opressive relationships
      • Postmodernists
        • Shows individuals having the freedom to end a relationship they are not happy in.
      • Funcionalists
        • Result of people's higher expectations of marriage. Growth in remarriage shows people's continued faith in marriage as an institution.
      • Interactionists
        • Morgan (1996)
          • We cannot generalise about divorce, as every experience is different.

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