Changes under Edward VI

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 16-05-13 18:38
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  • Changes under Edward
    • Somerset (Edward Seymour)
      • Foreign Policy
        • Keen on Scottish wars
          • 1547 victory at Battle of Pinkie
          • Kept up strong Scottish garrissons
            • Until 1549 rebellions
        • France declared war in 1549
        • Mary Q of S was able to flee to France
      • Finance
        • Inherited debt from Henry VIII's reign (£2 million)
          • Although the monasteries brought income, war created debt
        • Rapid growth in population
          • Created poverty and unemployment
        • 'Worst' policy
        • Continued debasement
          • Unpopular
          • Led to inflation
          • VERY unsuccessful
        • Insisted on keeping the Scottish garrison despite lack of money
          • Cost £550,000
          • Spent over £1 million on war
        • Sold/gave away crown lands, reducing revenue
        • Exploited the church
      • Government
        • Used many of his own household officials in government
        • Kept tight control of the dry stamp
          • Stated that the King's signature was not valid without his
        • Executed his brother, Thomas Seymour without a trial
        • Was keen to side-step Parliament
          • Made over 70 proclamations (without Parliament)
        • Created the 'New Council'
      • Religion
        • Treason act 1547
          • Removed many of Henry's strictest policies
            • Repealed Act of Six Articles and Proclamation Act
          • Enforced the king as supreme head of the church
          • Enabled Protestants to practise their faith more freely
          • Enabled freedom of speech
            • Freedom short lived
        • Relatively relaxed on religion
          • But this created iconoclastic behaviour
        • Chantries Act 1547
          • Closure of smaller religious houses
          • More because of financial reasons than religious
        • Ambiguity of first prayer book
        • Priests allowed to marry
        • Act of Uniformity 1549
          • Made attendance compulsory
          • Made the prayer book official doctrine
      • Social/class
        • Set up a Court of Requests for the poor
        • Vagrancy Act 1547
          • Unpopular with JPs, never put into  effect
          • Passed by Parliament despite controversy
          • Encouraged slavery
          • Gave housing to the poor
        • Promised to look into enclosure
          • Never came to anything despite expectations
            • Disappointed lower classes
        • Sheep tax, disliked
      • Indecisive
      • Inconsistent
      • Unreliable
      • Fell in 1549
    • Northumberland (John Dudley)
      • Government
        • Increased size of council to 33
        • Kept useful members by Somerset
          • Paget
          • Cecil
        • Very similar to Somerset but fewer proclamations
          • More reliance on Parliament
            • Conciliar rule
        • Established 'inner committees to increase efficiency
        • Did not assume the title 'Protector'
        • Removes Wriothesley & Arundel
      • Foreign Policy
        • Better interest rates on foreign loans
        • Pursued peaceful policy
        • Stopped Scottish garrison
        • Sold Boulogne
      • Finance
        • 1550 Treaty of Boulogne
          • Returned Boulogne to France
            • Unpopular with nobles
          • Removed garrisoned troops from Scotland
            • Both greatly reduced expenditure
              • Returned Boulogne to France
                • Unpopular with nobles
          • Ended wars with France and Scotland
        • Left debt after Somerset
        • Stopped debasement
          • Slowed down inflation
          • Lost debt
        • Hired efficient and professional people
          • Cecil in charge of financial planning
          • Paulet as Lord Treasurer
          • Sent Gresham to the Netherlands to manipulate stock markets
            • Success
        • Deep-seated problems not solved as he still exploited church, sold crown lands and was greedy
      • Religion
        • 1550 Treason Act
          • Enabled JPs to restore law
          • Restored censorship
        • Second Prayer Book 1552 much clearer, strongly protestant
          • Black Rubric denying transubstantiation
        • Opposed by Tunstall and Gardiner
        • 42 Articles never  became law due to illness
      • 1549-1554
      • Social
        • Stopped sheep tax
        • Prevented Vagrancy Act
        • Enquiries into enclosure
        • Helped the poor, parishes would provide
      • No more rebellions

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