Changes in family

  • Created by: A-bee
  • Created on: 26-12-16 15:48
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  • Changes in the Family.
    • Divorce
      • Has risen from 27,000, each year, in 1971 to 167,000 by 2005.
      • Reasons
        • Changes in law
        • Role of women.
        • Rising expectation of marriage
        • Social attitudes
        • Secularisation
        • Increase in privatised nuclear families
      • Divorce can lead to child's economic and psychological stress
      • rose rapidly between the 1960s and 1993, remained high
      • in the past people had empty shell marriages - divorce cost too much
        • 1949 - Legal Aid Act
    • Step Families
      • Also know as the reconstituted family
      • Fasted growing household type but only makes up 1% of all households
      • 45% of first marriages end in divorce but only 31% of second marriages end in divorce
      • Effects parenting tactics; co-parenting
    • Cohabitation
      • Increased in recent years; shows that marriage isn't the only option for long-term relationships.
      • Can be seen as choosing partner more wisely or a flexible alternative to marriage
      • Reasons
        • Changing norms and values
        • Secularisation
        • Increase in divorce
    • Single Parent Families
      • Represent 25% of families with dependent children.
      • Reasons
        • Changes in women
        • Increase in divorce
        • Decline in stigma
        • secularization
        • welfare state
        • changes in sexuality
      • Can lead to reconstituted families
      • triples since the 70s
      • Charles Murray - New Right: devalues work, encourages criminality and 'dependency culture' bc of welfare
    • Marriage
      • Marriage has less influence
      • Reasons
        • Changes in women
        • Decline in stigma
          • Secularisation
        • Changing norms and values
        • Fear of divorce
    • Nuclear Family
      • is believed to be on a decline
      • Robert Chester -statistics are misleading
        • only 27% of households but they hold more people
        • only shows a snapshot of peoples lives - in a nuclear family at some point
        • there is a neo-nuclear family
    • One person households
      • older people are getting divorces
        • life expectancy
        • more financial support

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