Changes in law enforcement and punishment Anglo-Norman(Green=policing. Pink=trials)

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  • Law Enforcement and Punishment
    • Change
      • Watchmen were employed in larger towns to patrol the streets day and nights
        • Expected to arrest drunks and vagabonds
        • Allowed to peer into windows to look out for crimes. Poorly paid and barely used
      • Rewards were offered for the arrest of particular crimes. Could be very high.
    • Continuity
      • Hue and cry
      • Citizens were still expected to deal with crime.
      • Constables had an unpaid and part-time
        • Didn't go out on patrol and usually dealt with regular things like drunkenness
      • Coroners investigated unnatural deaths
    • Change
      • Justice's of Peace became an important part of local law
        • Judged manor court cases. Could fine people, send them to stocks or the pillory. Assisted by constable.
      • Quarter Sessions four times a year. JP's came together to judge serious cases. Had power to sentence death
      • No more benefit of the clergy
      • Habeas Corpus Act of 1679-everyone arrested had to appear in court or be released.
    • Continuity
      • Variety of courts used but all is relied on local jury
      • Manor courts dealt with local minor crimes.
      • Royal j


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