Changes in fertility

  • Created by: Kya annie
  • Created on: 13-12-19 15:40
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  • Changes in fertility and life expectancy
    • Changes in Fertility:
      • - decreased- later marriage older women are less likely to have kids
        • Changes in attitude to family size. Larger families are not as common and are not viewed positively.
      • Birth control, contraception and abortions give women choices.
      • women choosing career over children and marriage.
    • Aging population
      • caused by a increase life expectancy effects society as...
        • Families will have to look after their parents it will cost us money to feed and clothe the elderly.
          • it will put a strain on the health care system (NHS)
    • Life expectancy:
      • due to better healthcare increased due to better public health. (better doctors)
        • Better preventive measures advanced in medicine and surgery.
          • welfare state  provisions and better diet/ nutrition.
    • Key Terms:
      • Child centered: parents want there children to have a good education. Smaller family = more time spent per child child gets more activities
        • Financial dependency: change in education (you cant work at 15 * full time) means children are more dependant on parents for money
          • Infant morality rate: The number of infant deaths (infant under 1 years old).
          • Demography: The systematic study of human populations e.g. size and age.
        • Fertility: The average number of children born to women of child-bearing age (15-44).
        • Welfare state: A system where the state takes responsibility for protecting its citizens and meeting their social needs.
      • Life expectancy: The average number of years a newborn baby may be expected to live.
        • Aging Population: When the proportion of the population  over retirement age is increasing.
      • Authority
        • Children have more say in decisions children and parents rarely see each other due to school/work. children are more rebellious. Parents are more stressed therefore leave their kids to it.


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