Chancellors under Wilhelm II

Mindmap of all the chancellors under Wilhelm II, giving details of policies, relationship witht the Kiaser and their impact on Germany.

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  • Chancellors under Wilhelm II
    • Leo Caprivi 1890-4
      • New course in politics
        • Ministers have more influence over policy
        • Lower tariffs to improve trade and industry expansions.
        • Lapsed Anti-socialist law in 1890
          • Reforms to tackle socialist support
            • Tribunals for wage disputes
            • Max hours of work for women to 11
            • 1891- Sunday working forbidden and minimum wage
            • Finance Bill- progressive income tax
      • Found it hard to work with the Kaiser
        • C had arguments in the Reichstag about the Army Bill 1892
        • W withdrawn Caprivi's policy about religion and education as it would rely on Zentrum
      • Socialism
        • SPD continued to grow (RED CHANCELOR)
          • Wilhelm wanted new anti socialist bill, Caprivi refused
            • Eulenberg told the Kaiser to present it to the Reichstag himself!
    • Hohenlohe 1894-1900
      • He was a figurehead and described as a "straw doll"
      • Tried to do what Wilhelm wanted
        • Attempted to curb socialism
          • Supervision Bill 1894
          • 1899 Anti Union Bill
            • These were rejected by the Reichstag as conservatives no longer had a majority
              • Supervision Bill 1894
      • Sammlungspolitik(concentration)
        • Eulenberg influence
          • He encouraged the Kaiser to bypass H and choose his own ministers, known as the Camarillo
            • Allowed Wilhelm to adopt his interests in Weltpolitik
    • Bulow 1900-1909
      • Abandoned anti-socialist elements of Sammlungspolitik to make patriotism even stronger
        • Further using Weltpolitik to ensure patriotism
      • Reversed tariffs by Caprivi to afford new Navy in 1902
        • SPD gained 82 seats in 1903 due to outrage from some
      • Policy to try diminish socialist support
        • 1900 Accident insurance extended
        • 1903 Health insurance extended
      • Still tried to enforce Germanisation in the East
      • Difficulties
        • Blamed for failings in foreign policy
        • Failed to get more money for millitary
    • Hollweg 1909-1917
      • tried to introduce a fair voting system in 1910 but was dropped
      • 1912 election led to a left wing majority with SPD being biggest party
        • Maybe due to Hollweg not playing on patriotism like Bulow
  • These were generally welcomed by the working classes.
  • But, conservative Junkers, the Agrarian League and the camarillo disliked this very much!
  • Caprivi resigned in 1894 saying "my relations with the all highest have become intolerable"
  • The Kaiser chose H because he was no threat to political people around the Kaiser
  • Sammlungspolitic brought people together in the Reichstag due to the promotion of patriotism
  • Hohenlohe resigned due to disagreements with colonial policy in China
  • "Bulow shall become my Bismarck"
  • "the eel"
  • In 1907, Bulow Bloc tried to tie together NL, conservatives and Agrarian League
    • Led to victory in the Hottentot election
  • Daily Telegraph affair and rumours of homosexuality led to resignition
  • International tensions after 1912 meant military sepnding had to increase, leading to a large deficit despite 'defence tax' on value of property
  • The Zabern affair  1913, where Military broke up protesters in Alsace Lorraine hindered Hollweg and the Kaiser's reputation
    • People cried out against German Militarism
  • Huge protests for wages, better condtions and voting reform destroyed German government
    • People thought Wilhelm had only gone to war to divert attention from issues at home
      • Hollweg's chancellorship was filled with protest and conflict, perhaps the fault of Sammlungspolitik, or the rise of socialtism

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