Germany's constitutional features 1871

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  • Germany 1871
    • Chancellor Role
      • Chief Minister of the Reich
      • Only responsible to the Emperor not the Reichstag
      • Decided upon Reich policy outlines
      • Sat in sessions of the Bundesrat.
      • Had the power to fire and hire state secretaries, responsible for the various Government ministers.
      • He could ignore resolutions passed by the Reichstag.
      • He shared responsibilities with the Minister-Presidency of Prussia.
      • Autocratic and Democratic
    • Emporer
      • King Of Prussia
      • Had power over the Chancellor (could appoint and dismiss them)
      • Could dissolve the Reichstag
      • Controlled foreign policy
      • Autocratic
    • Federal Council
      • This was the centralized government.
      • Had specific responsibilities for the Reich as a whole.
      • Democratic but also has autocratic features
    • State
      • Regional government
        • Had responsibilities for individual states e.g education and transport.
    • Reichstag
      • Elected by all males over the age of 25 years old, every 5 years.
      • Could accept or reject legislation
      • State secretaries were excluded from membership of the Reichstag.
      • Members were unpaid.
      • Could approve or reject the budget
      • Democratic


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