Baddely and Hitch's Working Model of Memory

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  • Central Executive
    • The Phonological Loop
      • The Phonological Store
        • linked to speech perception
        • receives sound based information, holds it for 1-2 seconds
        • remembers words in the order they are presented
        • inner ear
      • The Articulatory Loop
        • speech production
        • rehearse and store sounds and speech collected by the PS by using rehersal
        • repeated in the loop to prevent decay
        • inner voice
    • The Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad
      • visual memories
      • used for spatial tasks such as planning movements, visual patterns
      • inner eye
    • Controls other slave components
    • modality free
    • decides what the WM pays attention to


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