Reforms To Central Government- RUSSIA

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  • Central Government Reforms-
    • Ratusha
      • A Central Office, controlling revenue from burmisters. They collect tax from Russian manufacturers and merchants
        • Corruption, low quality officials
        • Took control of 13 prikazies
        • Peter employed profit-makers as he was in desperation of money. This introduced taxes on births, funerals, beards etc
        • Allowed a quick recovery from Narva. Short Term?
    • The Senate- 1711
      • Made from nine bodies who in Peters absence could act in his authority
      • Was in charge of putting Peters hurried instructions into legislation
        • Officials were harshly punished if they made mistakes, so they had no incentive or experience
        • Peter often overrode their responsibility and got is henchmen to solve his issues
        • Officials were overloaded with work. By 1722, there was 16,000 unresolved matters
        • Officials "squabbled" and accused each other of being corrupt
      • Responsible for collecting as much money as possible
    • Gurbenii- 1708
      • Divided into eight governorships
      • Each governorship has its own administration
        • Too much power for each person per governorship. Increased corruption
      • Collects taxes and raising recruiting for the army
        • There is still Prikazy in Moscow- Overlapping Functions
    • The Procurator General Of Senate
      • Introduced to retain control within the Senate
        • Didn't improve the Senate along with Peters rep-remands of tongue burning and flocking
    • Collages
      • Aim- Influenced by Swedish system. Peter wanted to improve administration system
    • The Fiskals
      • Secret administrative policemen
        • Job is to "secretly spy on all things"
          • There wasn't enough honest and effective civil servants

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