Cells and Cell Processes

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  • Cells and Cell Processes
    • animal cells
      • cell membrane
        • semi permeable
      • cytoplasm
      • nucleus
      • Plant cell
    • plant cells
      • cell membrane
        • semi permeable
      • cell wall
      • nucleus
      • chloroplast
      • vacuole
    • cell theory
      • every made of cells
      • basic unit of life
      • cell division
        • meiosis in the gametes
        • mitosis all over
    • microorganisms
      • bacteria
        • cell wall (murein)
        • flagella
        • cell membrane
        • capsule
        • pilus
        • cytoplasm
        • DNA
        • cell division
          • meitosis
          • mitosis
      • algea
        • flagellum
        • vacuole
        • eyespot
        • nucleus
        • chloroplast
        • cell membrane
      • fungi(yeast)
        • cytoplasm
        • food storage granule
        • cell wall
        • cell membrane
        • vacuole
        • nucleus
        • reproduce by budding
      • viruses
        • capsid
        • envelope
        • RNA
        • invade host cell to reproduce
        • others inject RNA
          • invade host cell to reproduce
    • Microscopes
      • Robert Hooke
        • early microscope
        • 1665 dicoverd cells
      • cell theory
        • Theodor Schwann (animals)
        • Matthias Schleiden (plants)
        • light microscopes
      • 1930's- electron microscope
        • electrons not light
        • creates larger images
        • can't see colour
        • can't view living specimens
      • confocal laser scanning microscope
        • see structures inside cells
    • cell division
      • mitosis
        • growth and repair
        • mother cell divides
        • daughter cells are gentically identical
        • same no of genes and chromosones
        • protein is essential
      • miosis
        • only in gamets (sex cells)
        • half the number of chromosones
        • four daughter cells

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