Causes of the Cold War 

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  • Created by: Aimee
  • Created on: 28-05-13 20:17
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  • Causes/dev of the Cold War
    • IDEOLOGY
      • capitalism v communism
        • USSR-trying to spread communism?or misinterpretation
          • Red Army- imposing communism- Al,P,B,R,H= supsicion
          • Wanted protection- 'Polish Corridor'
            • Buffer Zone
              • Weakness after war
              • hostility from Poland - Katyn, Warsaw rising '44
                • transporting poles
                  • Pots- mistrust hardened
              • defensive to prevent invasion
                • v adamant about Poland-important for secururity
          • Went back on promise at Yalta of free elections
          • Czechoslovakian Crisis- no direct help
      • Potsdam'45 - hiroshima- St denied occupation=mistrust hardened
    • STALIN'S MOTIVES
      • Spreading world Revolution
        • 1945- situation had changed
          • '46- St speech= declaration of conflict - interpreted as more hostile?
        • Comintern-facilitating contact between groups
          • purges= plan for expansion?
        • USSR-trying to spread communism?or misinterpretation
          • Red Army- imposing communism- Al,P,B,R,H= supsicion
          • Wanted protection- 'Polish Corridor'
            • Buffer Zone
              • Weakness after war
              • hostility from Poland - Katyn, Warsaw rising '44
                • transporting poles
                  • Pots- mistrust hardened
              • defensive to prevent invasion
                • v adamant about Poland-important for secururity
          • Went back on promise at Yalta of free elections
          • Czechoslovakian Crisis- no direct help
        • Supported by long telegram Feb 1946
        • imposition of comm govs
        • Percentages deal '44- recognise speres of I
      • Personality
        • Nazi-Soviet Pact=insecurities
        • Berlin Blockade= provocative but no action against US aid
        • Greece-no active role-kept word
        • Comecon '49= response to marshall aid
          • Economics
            • fear of ec recession in US
              • Marshall Plan- economic aid
                • dollar imperialism?
                • Turkey- $100m mil.  +ec aid
            • Truman Doctrine 1947
              • Supporting capitalist govs
                • IDEOLOGY
                  • capitalism v communism
                    • Potsdam'45 - hiroshima- St denied occupation=mistrust hardened
              • Marshall Plan- economic aid
                • dollar imperialism?
                • Turkey- $100m mil.  +ec aid
        • Traditional Russian Expansionism
          • acting like Tsar + recovering territories
          • good opportunities to >power
          • want german resources
      • US MOTIVES
        • Domino theory
          • Czech+Ber= evidence to US of expansionism
            • Hardline + militant approach towards comm +USSR
              • Domino theory
                • Czech+Ber= evidence to US of expansionism
                  • Hardline + militant approach towards comm +USSR
                    • NSC-68= Roll back
              • NSC-68= Roll back
        • Economics
          • fear of ec recession in US
            • Truman Doctrine 1947
              • Supporting capitalist govs
            • Domestic pressures
              • Stand up to  comm- Roo failed
                • Iron fist
              • Long telegram
                • Stand up to  comm- Roo failed
                  • Iron fist
              • Iron Curtain  speech- '46- provocative?
                • Red Scare+ McCarthyism
              • EXTENSION TO FAR EAST
                • CHINA 1949 comm estab
                  • evidence of  spreading of world communism
                • Korea
                  • under direction of Moscow +Beijing?
                  • USSR= no direct involvement
                  • Korean War '50-53
                    • not aided by USSR
                    • 260,000 US troops= roll back
                • Vietnam
                  • power vacuum- aid from china?
                  • domino theory in E. Asia
              • Missile Gap
                • '45-49= US only nuclear power
                  • 49= USSR: A bomb
                • 1952- US= Hbomb
                  • USSR= less than year later
                • suspicion  + race for mil superiority
              • HISTORICAL
                • Nazi-Soviet pact '39
                • Treaty of Brest Litovsk 1918= betrayal
                • civil war- allies help R enemies
                • Appeasement- turning attention towards russia
                • Warsaw '44- tension
            • Evidence for  argument
            • Evidence against argument
            • Berlin blockade '48-49
              • W. german state established+ new currency
                • 2 hostile camps- division permanent
                • expansionist policy- trying to influence +take power
                  • Berlin Blockade= provocative but no action against US aid
                • NATO = no isolationism + willing to retaliate
                  • US MOTIVES
                    • Domestic pressures
                      • Long telegram
                        • Iron Curtain  speech- '46- provocative?
                          • Red Scare+ McCarthyism
                      • made both powers more stubborn

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