Causes of the 1905 Revolution (SECTION2)

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  • Causes of the 1905 Revolution
    • Witte's Economic Reforms
      • Increased taxation
      • Created a larger urban population which caused crowded living conditions
      • Transport Industrialisation- Trans-siberian railway would encourage industrialisation
      • Global economicrecession
    • Peasant Problems
      • Emancipation of the serfs 1861
      • Growing population and reduced land available
      • Increased poverty and poor living standards
      • Famins in 1891, 1892, 1898, and 1901
    • Growing Political Opposition
      • The People's Will
      • Social D's led by Lenin, end to Tsar and equality
      • SR's wanted end to Tsar, equality
      • Liberals- elected gvt end to Tsar
        • Milyukov leads 'Unions of Unions'
    • Worker's Problems
      • Poor working and living conditions
      • Poor wages, and not safe working conditions
      • Industrial workforce2.6 mil in 2006- overcrowded
      • Soviets- Autumn 1905
        • General Strike, workers formed elected soviet. Demand for better condition
    • Bloody Sunday
      • January 22nd 1905
      • Father Gapon led protest with petition over end to war and better working condition
      • Cossacksshot out 130 dead
    • Russo-Japanese War
      • Japanese wanted control of Port Arthur, as did Russia
      • 1904-1905
      • Japanese made surprise attack on Russian forces
      • Tsar started a war, lost, underestimated Japanese
    • Potemkin Mutiny
      • 1905, mutinies in the army and navy
      • Poor condition and food, member spoke out and they were shot
      • Sailors killed the crew and took control of the ship
      • Sailed to Odessa where anti-gov strikes were taking place
    • Alexander III Reactionary Policies with no reform
      • Russification-National Minorities despised the Tsar for this
      • Peasants barred from grammar schools, universities closed
      • Newspapers heavily censored
      • Conservative policies under Pobdanostev many turned to left wing groups
      • Nicholas II incompetent leadership
  • Alexander III Reactionary Policies with no reform
    • Russification-National Minorities despised the Tsar for this
    • Peasants barred from grammar schools, universities closed
    • Newspapers heavily censored
    • Conservative policies under Pobdanostev many turned to left wing groups
    • Nicholas II incompetent leadership

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