causes of the northern rebellion of 1569

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  • Causes of the 1569 Northern Rebellion
    • anger over Elizabeth's policies
      • "She had deprived him of his Wardenship of the Middle March and allowed him no part in the custody of  Mary In 1568 the crown had ignored his claim for compensation over the rights to the copper mines discovered at Newlands on one of his estates. Northumberland had declined in wealth as well as status... the Earl of Westmoreland was also suffering from poverty" A, Fletcher A Tudor Rebellion 1968, p.93
    • religion
      • 14 November Percy +  Neville called catholics 2 arms not as rebels but as defenders of Catholicism
        • Goal to sack cathederal destroy protestant prayerbook overturn communion table + celebrate Mass
        • "... missued the queens majesties person"- declaration of the earls 1569
          • " ...They  ( the earls) chose rebellion because of the catholic enthusiasm of their followers"- C, Haigh , Elizabeth I ,1988 ,p.55
    • succession
      • "Our first objective ... was the reformation of religion and preservation of the person of the queen of Scots , as next heir..." - examination of Northumberland 1572
        • "... missued the queens majesties person"- declaration of the earls 1569
    • Elizabeth's Mistakes
      • "Elizabeth had blundered: she forced the earls to choose  between flight and rebellion"- C, Haigh , Elizabeth I ,1988 p.54
  • rebels marched under banner showing the 5 wounds of Christ and wore large crucifixes round there necks like the rebels during the pilgrimages of the grace (1536-7)
    • religion
      • 14 November Percy +  Neville called catholics 2 arms not as rebels but as defenders of Catholicism
        • Goal to sack cathederal destroy protestant prayerbook overturn communion table + celebrate Mass
        • "... missued the queens majesties person"- declaration of the earls 1569
          • " ...They  ( the earls) chose rebellion because of the catholic enthusiasm of their followers"- C, Haigh , Elizabeth I ,1988 ,p.55
  • the revolt was presented ... as  the revenge of the old nobility against upstart evil councillors" - C, Haigh , Elizabeth I ,1988 ,p.55
    • Resentment that people with noble lineage were being replaced by commoners like Cecil
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