Cattle Industry

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  • Cattle Industry
    • Abilene
      • Founded by Joseph McCoy in 1867
      • Banned Cowboys
      • First Cow Town
      • Kansas
      • Lack of Law & Order
        • Gambling & prostitution a problem
    • Cowboys
      • Myths
        • They were all white
        • Had shoots off & were good at guns
        • Hated Indians
        • Heroic and exciting lives
        • They all rode horses
      • Why Myths?
        • Wild West Shows
        • Hollywood movies
        • Dime Novels
        • Charles Russel
        • Myths
          • They were all white
          • Had shoots off & were good at guns
          • Hated Indians
          • Heroic and exciting lives
          • They all rode horses
    • Cattle Drivers
      • Moved cows over homesteaders' land
        • No trains
      • Goodnight & Loving 1866
        • 1860 = 180 cattle               1865 = 5,000 cattle
        • Sold meat to Indians & U.S. Army
    • Unfenced Ranching
      • Why?
        • Large open spaces
        • No Indians & Buffalo
        • Texas Longhorn could survive the winter
        • The creation of the Railroad 1869
      • Problems
        • Rustling
        • Solutions
          • Branding cows
            • Rustling
    • Texas
      • Due to the Civil War, 5,000,000 Texas Longhorn Cattle appeared
        • Tough enough to withstand the harsh weather
      • Railways
      • Lots of open spaces
    • Open Range
      • Unfenced Ranching
        • Why?
          • Large open spaces
          • No Indians & Buffalo
          • Texas Longhorn could survive the winter
          • The creation of the Railroad 1869
        • Problems
          • Solutions
            • Branding cows
        • helped Unfenced Ranching
        • The End
          • 1883-86 severe draughts
          • 1886-7 Worst Winter on record
            • 70-80% of cattle killed
            • Viewed as end of the Open Range
          • Johnson County War
          • Demand in East fell
          • Over grazing
          • Invention of the Barbed wire
      • Factors that developed the Cattle Industry
        • Railroad 1869
          • Allowed cattle to be transported to the East
            • Refrigerated carts
        • Army
          • Needed meat to feed soldiers
          • Network of forts
        • Demand for beef
          • People in the East wanted beef
            • Cheap meat
        • Indians
          • Buffalo killed off; had to have cattle
          • Indians were on Reservations
        • Individuals
          • Joseph McCoy (above)
          • Goodnight & Loving (above)
          • John Illif
            • Bought Lame cattle (35,000)
            • Government contracts
              • Sold them to Railroad workers

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