Case Study 15: Impact of Economic Activity (Hope Valley)

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  • Created by: louisb98
  • Created on: 22-05-14 06:33
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  • Case Study 15 - Impact of local activity (Quarrying)
    • REASONS FOR QUARRYING
      • High quality limestone with high calcium carbonate content
      • Increased demand for road stone (6% of production)
      • Increased demand for construction cement (29%)
      • 3% used for lime in agriculture
      • Production of limestone increased from 1.5m tonnes to 8.2m tonnes (1951-91)
      • Concerns about impact on National Park has led to decline recently
    • STAGES IN QUARRYING PROCESS
      • 1) Removal of soil & vegetation by heavy equipment
        • 2) Extraction of limestone by explosion
          • 3) Crushing rocks making them smaller
            • 4) On completion, landscaping occurs
    • Management in Peak District
      • Controlling the size of existing quarries
      • Restricting further extraction
      • Manage existing quarries by restricting noise / dust / pollution
      • Landscape existing quarries
      • Reduce access for lorries in local area
      • Restoring old quarries
    • Positives / Negatives
      • SOCIAL
        • Advantages
          • People may visit quarry
          • People may perform quarry based activities
        • Disadvantages
          • Unattractive view
          • Queues on road causing congestion
      • ECONOMIC
        • Advantages
          • Jobs created for employment
          • Hope Quarry is largest single employer in area
        • Disadvantages
          • Tourism may decrease
          • Farmland will be lost / animals scared away
      • ENVIRONMENTAL
        • Advantages
          • Limestone is locally needed for infrastructure
          • Encouraged to grow limestone locally
        • Disadvantages
          • Steep cliff faces
          • Noise/air pollution
          • Loss of wildlife habitat
          • Road may gain potholes from heavy use
    • LOCATION
      • The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in Derbyshire,

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