Case Study- Freiburg, Germany

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  • Case Study- Freiburg, Germany
    • It has a population of 200,000.
    • Traffic Calming
      • City centre- pedestrainised in 1973.
      • Roads covered in stone surfaces
      • 1990- speed limit reduced to 30km/hr
      • Evaluation- good. 1976 & 1992 car use fell from 60% to 46%. in 20 years 4000 fewer cars using city centre each day
    • Upgrading of Public Transport
      • Improved tram system- 1969
      • Trams take half the time compared to cars.
      • Low fares £22- encourages monthy use
      • Carry almost 70% of all public transports users.
      • Evaluation- Successful. Be 2005, 3000km of public transport lines in Freiburg
    • Improved roads
      • Tried to concentrate traffic to certain roads.
      • Bikes often have right of way at junctions
      • Evaluation- Not good. Encourages more cars.
    • Parking
      • No free parking- encourage park and ride.
        • Evaluation- success- 4000 cars less entering the city than in 1970
    • Bicycle use
      • Cycle lane network extended by 29km in 1970 to 500km today
      • 5000 bike parking spaces in the city centre.
      • Evaluation- many cyclists get priority at junctions
    • Compact settlement structure
      • Building density is high even in suburbs.
      • 70% of pop. live within 500m of a tram stop
    • Evaluation
      • Possible to make real progress in helping the environment through changing public transport

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