Carmichael et al (1932): do words affect recall?

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  • Carmichael et al (1932): recall
    • Aim: to find out whether words shown with pictures would affect the way the pictures were remembered.
    • Laboratory experiment - 95 participants (split into 3 groups). Shown 12 pictures. Control group (9 participants) heard no verbal labels.
      • IV: (the three levels) - whether they heard list 1, 2 or no verbal labels.
        • DV: (participants then asked to draw the pictures they had seen) - how much their drawings looked like the original.
    • Drawings produced by people who heard list 1 were different from drawings by people who heard list 2 - drawings looked like the words participants heard.


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