Caregiver Language

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  • Caregiver Language
    • Caregiver language aims to...
      • attract and hold the baby's attention
      • help the process of breaking down language into understandable chunks
      • make the conversation more predictable by referring to the here-and-now
    • Higher pitch and exaggerated intonation and stress.
    • Repeated sentence frames such as 'that's a...' and 'that's a...' whereby the gap is filled with a different word each time
    • Repetition and partial repetition of the adult's own words
    • Questions and commands (getting the child to do something)
    • Frequent use of the child's name and absence of pronouns
    • Absence of past tenses e.g. threw, ran, played
    • A large number of one-word utterances
    • Use of simple sentences e.g. Fred eats rats
    • Omission of inflections such as plurals (planets) and possessives (mummy's)
    • Fewer verbs, modifiers (e.g. adjectives in front of nouns) and function words such as 'my' 'at' etc.
    • Use of concrete nouns (cat, train etc.) and dynamic verbs (give, put etc.)
    • Use of expansions where the adult fills out the child's utterance
    • Use of re-castings where the baby's vocabulary is put into a new utterance


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