Caregiver-Infant Interactions

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  • Caregiver-Infant Interactions
    • Reciprocity
      • Baby and Caregiver take turns - respond to and elicit responses from each other. Like a dance.
      • Babies have alert phases in which they seek interactions
      • Babies take an active role. They are not passive recipients of care.
    • International Synchrony
      • Babies and caregivers mirror each others' expressions and gestures.
      • The beginnings of synchrony van be seen in babies as young as two weeks (Metzloff and Moore).
      • Good levels of synchrony are associated with good quality attachments (Isabella et al).
    • Strengths
      • Filmed observations of interactions analysed later, can establish inter-rater reliability and babies not aware of being observed. Increases validity.
    • Weaknesses
      • Difficulty observing babies - hard to know what their expressions/gestures mean e.g. don't know if hand twitch actually means something.
      • Developmental importance - the behavior can be reliably observed but this doesn't reveal their importance.


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