Caregiver-infant Interactions

  • Created by: rosannaaa
  • Created on: 07-05-18 11:11
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  • Caregiver-Infant Interactions
    • From an early age, babies have meaningful social interactions with their carers, it is believed these interactions have important functions for the childs social development.
    • Mother and infant interact in such a way that they mirror the other.
  • Reciprocity - how to people interact. Mother-infant interaction is reciprocal in that both infant and mother respond to each others signals and elicit response from the other.
  • Babies and mothers spend alot of time in intense interaction.
  • Babies have periodic alert phases and signal they are ready for interaction.
  • From around 3 months, this interaction seems to be increasingly frequent and involves close attention to verbal signals and facial expressions.
  • Baby takes an active role, both mother and child initiate interactions and appear to take turns in doing so. Brazleton described this as like a dance, where they respond to moves.
  • Interactional Synchrony - Mother and infant reflect both actions and emotions of other and do this in a co-ordinated way.
  • Carry out same action simultaneously
  • Meltzoff and Moore observed beginnings of interactional synchrony in infants as young as 2 weeks, adult displayed 1 of 3 expressions and an association was found between the expression the adult displayed and the babies actions.
  • Isabella 1989 found that high levels of synchrony associated with better quality mother-infant attachment.


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