Carboxylic acids

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  • Carboxylic acids
    • Solubility
      • Hydrogen bonds are formed in water between the water and the acids. Carboxylic acids with up to 4 carbon atoms will mix with water.
    • Boiling point
      • Have a higher boiling point than alcohols or alkanes due to hydrogen bonding. Produces a dimer
    • They are weak acids that partially dissociate in water into a carboxylate ion and hydrogen ion.
    • Carboxylic acids react with a carbonate ion and hydrogen carbonate ion to form a salt, water and carbon dioxide.
    • Produced by reacting a primary alcohol with [O] winder harsh conditions.


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