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  • Carbohydrates
    • Disaccharides
      • starch
        • amylose
          • linear and coiled
            • Allows for storage in small spaces
      • Cellulose
        • beta
        • long chains of glucose
          • every other-flipped 180 degrees to form glycosidic bonds
            • hydrogen bonds form between hydroxyl groups of adjacent parallel chains
          • between 60-70 glucose molecules that are tightly cross-linked become bundles called microfibrils
            • these bundles in turn form bundles of fibres
              • in a cell wall there are several fibres running in different directions
      • Chitin
        • similar structure to cellulose
          • addition of aminoacids
        • strong, waterproof and lightweight


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