Carbohydrates

All about Carbohydrates

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  • Carbohydrates
    • Monosaccharides
      • Simplest- single sugars
      • White Crystalline Solids
      • Dissolve in water to form sweet tasting solutions
      • Soluble in Water
      • (CH2O)n
      • Benedicts Test
    • Disaccharides
      • Double sugar
        • 2 Monosaccharides combine
          • Condensation Reaction
            • Glycosidic Bond
      • Hydrolysis breaks down..
        • Maltose
          • 2 Glucose
        • Lactose
          • Glucose and Galactose
        • Sucrose
          • Glucose and Fructose
    • Polysaccharides
      • Lots of monosaccharides joined together by a series of condensation reactions
        • Polymerization
      • Repeated Units of monomers make up a polymer
      • Insoluble in water
      • Cannot be crystallised
      • Not sweet

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