carbohydrates

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • monosaccharides- carbons 3-6
    • joined by glycosidic bonds
    • alpha glucose: hydroxide is below
    • condensation reaction,loss of water to form
      • joined by glycosidic bonds
    • Pentoses - Such as ribose (with formula C5H10O5) and fructose
    • Hexose - Such as alpha and beta glucoses
  • disaccharides carbons 6-14
    • 2 monosaccharides joined together
    • CARBOHYDRATES
      • monosaccharides- carbons 3-6
        • alpha glucose: hydroxide is below
        • condensation reaction,loss of water to form
          • Pentoses - Such as ribose (with formula C5H10O5) and fructose
          • Hexose - Such as alpha and beta glucoses
        • polysaccharides
          • cellulose
            • unbranched
            • main part of plant cell wall
            • beta glucose
            • 1-4 glycosidic bonds
          • starch
            • alpha glucose
            • amylose
              • insoluble,good for storage
              • unbranched
              • plant storage
            • amylopectin
              • 1-4 and 1-6 glycosidic bonds
      • One monosaccharide loses an H atom from carbon atom number 1 and the other loses an OH group from carbon 4 to form the bond.
      • Lactose -  glucose and galactose
    • bounded with hydrogen bonds
      • cellulose
        • unbranched
        • main part of plant cell wall
        • beta glucose
        • 1-4 glycosidic bonds

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Biology resources:

    See all Biology resources »See all Biological molecules resources »