Cancer

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  • Created by: Amy Mayo
  • Created on: 01-06-18 18:20
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  • Cancer
    • Cancer is caused by uncontrolled cell growth and division
    • Benign-This is where the tumour grows until there's no more room. The tumour stays in one place (usually within a membrane) rather than invading other tissues in the body. This type isn't normally dangerous, and the tumour isn't cancerous.
    • Malignant- This is where the tumour grows and spreads to neighbouring healthy tissues. Cells can break off and spread to other parts of the body by travelling in the bloodstream. The malignant cells then invade healthy tissues elsewhere in the body and form secondary tumours. Malignant tumours are dangerous and can be fatel,they are cancers.
    • Anyone can develop cancer. Having risk factors doesn't mean that you'll definitely get cancer. It just means that you're at an increased risk of developing the disease. Cancer survival rates have increased due to medical advances such as improved treatment being able to diagnose cancer earlier and increased screening for the disease.
    • Smoking- It's a well known fact that smoking is linked to lung cancer,but reasurch has also linked it to other types of cancer too,including mouth,bowel,stomach and cervical cancer.
    • Obesity-obesity has been linked to many different cancers, including bowel,liver and kidney cancer. It's the second biggest preventable cause of cancer after smoking.
    • UV exposure-people who are often exposed to UV radiation from the sun have an increased chance of developing skin cancer. People who live in sunny climates and people who spend a lot of time outside are at higher risk of disease. People who frequently use sun beds are also putting themselves at higher risk of developing skin cancer.
    • Viral infection-infection with some viruses has been shown to increase the chances of developing certain types of cancer.
      • For example ,infection with hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses can increase the risk of developing liver cancer.

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