Canada

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  • Canada - Migration Policies
    • Reasons for implementing policies
      • Economic Consideration
        • Underpopulated with one of the world's largest supplies of natural resources (oil, metals, lumber).
          • Throughout Canada's history they have faced an acute labour shortages.
            • Actively recruit immigrants to cover surplus.
        • 1870 - 1918 - Creation of integrated economy - to link the industries of east and west to increase productivity.
      • Social Consideration
        • Low BR & ever increasing ageing population
          • Ensure there are enough workers paying taxes to provide services.
        • NEGATIVE - tensions over so called ,Asian Invasion'
          • Asian students taking university places
      • Cultural Consideration
        • Priority given to those ho could speak French & English
        • Since 1970s - assimilation has been encouraged
          • 1971 - 1st country to adopt Multicultural Policy
          • Food, festivals etc introduced to celebrate diversity e.g. May - Asian Heritage Month
      • Moral Consideration
        • Immigration Act 1910 - Certain Immigrants excluded:-
          • Physically, mentally, morally unfit
          • Those belonging to nations unlikely to assimilate from different customs or ideals likely to prevent a united nation. 
          • Those in jobs who are likely to crowd urban centres & bring a state of congestion leading to unemployment & lower the SoL.
        • People from warm countries deemed unsuitable for immigration.
    • Background
      • Population - 35.1 million (2013)      Area - 9.985 million km²
      • Population Density - 3.5 inhabitants/km².
      • California Population – 38.4 million Area - 423,970 km²
    • Immigration
      • 2009 - 250,000 new migrants
      • 75% of Canada's workforce growth is from immigration.
      • 1 in 5 Canadian workers are foreign-born.
  • NEGATIVE - evidence suggests many end up in big cities unable to find employment matching their skills.
  • NEGATIVE - Tensions between racial groups e.g. Winnipeg - tensions between locals & aboriginal Canadians.

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