Calvinism

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  • Created by: SRWallis
  • Created on: 10-02-13 13:29
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  • Calvinism
    • Institutes of Christian Religion
      • First published in Latin in 1535-6
      • Calvin,  french scholar and reformist, wrote the most influential reference works in the religious history
      • Written in the Swiss city of Bassle where he had fled from possible persecution by the Catholic Francis I of France
      • 6 chapter introduction to the Christian faith
      • Final version of 1559 contained 80 chapters
      • It was not expressing Calvinist ideas, it was explaining the protestant faith and at the same time showing how it could be organised and effective
      • Its lucid style and clear structure made it influential, especially in the 1541 French translation
    • The Ecclesiastical Ordinances
      • The organisation of the Church was a vital point for Calvin
        • This differed from Luther's who left organisation to the Princes, essentially state control
      • Calvin said the Church must have a structure - the properly appointed ministers must preach the word and administer the sacraments
      • In 1541 Calvin drafted an ecclesiastical constitution for Geneva
        • His condition for taking on responsibility for the spiritual welfare of the city was that these ordinances must be accepted
      • In terms of Calvin's theology, tit established a ministry which,  instead of having bishop, was based on 4 offices
        • Pastors
        • Doctors
        • Elders
        • Deacons
      • The ordinances set up schools in each parish for children of primary age
        • There were no colleges for higher education until the Genevan Academy in 1559
    • Double Predestination
      • Calvin's most famous and controversial doctrine
      • God has decided before birth who should be saved and who should be damned
      • Saved = The elect
        • Damned=  reprobate
      • The decision to be saved or damned can't be changed
    • The Bible as the basis for all belief
      • Calvin acknowledged the Bible as the final athority
      • All human institutions and doctrines ha to be tested against this
      • His own doctrine statements were based on these scripture
      • Not all of it was taken literally
      • Much of Calvin's writings and preachings were devoted to explaining the books of the Bible
    • Geneva's success
      • The Theocratic State
      • The Genevan Academy
      • Suppression of political opponents
      • Geneva's precious exposure to reform
      • Suppression of Religious opponents
      • The Role of Calvin
    • Spread through   Europe
      • Success
        • Quite successful
          • Scotland
          • Germany
          • Poland
          • Humgary
        • Very Successful
          • France
        • A little successful
          • Netherlands
      • No Success
        • All very religious countries
          • Spain
          • Portugal
          • Italy
  • The organisation of the Church was a vital point for Calvin
    • This differed from Luther's who left organisation to the Princes, essentially state control
  • Saved = The elect
    • Damned=  reprobate

Comments

Emily

Beauts source - guess who? ;) 

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