Textiles

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  • TEXTILES
    • Computer aided design
      • Saves time, money and labour
        • Although the costs are high the manufacture will gain more profit in the end results
      • Is more accurate and repeative
        • This reduces human error
      • It can create
        • Logos
        • Patterns
        • Designs
      • Is able to sort designs and transport the to different parts around the world
      • Quick and easy to use
        • If there is a n error then the  whole production stops until it is repaired, this can cost the manufacture a lot of money as well as lose money
    • Fabric Printing
      • Traditional
        • Block Printing
          • Design relief-cut in block of wood or metal
            • Colour added by roller/dipped in dye
        • Sentcilling
          • Done in the classroom, cut out from cards and sprayed over
            • Card prevents cloth from being coloured
        • (Silk-)Screen Printing
          • Can be done anywhere
            • Mesh Stretched on frame, parts blocked off
              • Dye pushed through mesh using squeegee
      • Modern
        • Engraved roller printing
          • Industrial, expensive and needed for each colour
            • Roller made of metal, design is engaved in it
        • Digital
          • All used by technology and usually in industry
        • Computer transfer
          • All used by technology and usually in industry
        • Direct
      • Quality Control
        • Guarantees quality of a product
          • During manufacture he item could be damaged of construction not done well enough
            • Is usually well planned to avoid things going wrong
              • Simply means a company will achieve their goal of QA
      • Manufacturing Technques
        • Can effect the environemt we live in
      • Smart,Modern and Interactive
        • Maximise characteristics eg lightness, breathability waterproof
          • Usually manufactured using microfibres
      • Health and Safety in industry
        • Get rid of any possible hazrds
          • Products are made safely and are afe to use
            • Eg labels to keep away from fire
            • Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (Legalisation)
              • Manufactures required to be aware of and understand risk assessment of all stages of manufacture
              • Ensure safety or workers and prevent accidents
                • Eg safety posters
                • Workers must be trained to use machines
                  • Wear protective clothing
              • All risk  monitored and controlled, check assessments, legalisation up to date
                • Risk Assessment is a document that considers and identifies  risks to reduce them
                  • Eg machinist ties up hair to prevent hair getting caught in the machine
                  • Chemicals and materials keep locked away, eg out of sight of children
      • Fair Trade
        • Workers get better pay
          • The money goes directly yo the workers and not the company
      • Sustainability
        • Clothes are now beign made to last longer and maintain itself
          • Is better for the envrirone-ment
            • Recycling old fabrics can better impact on envrionment
              • Uses less energy
            • If their in manufacutring in our country less money is used to trnsport items
              • Uses less energy
      • Production Methods
        • One-off Production
          • One product is made at a time, each is ifferent so labour is intensive, can be made y hand or with machine
        • Batch Production
          • Small quanity of indentical products, also labour intensive but used with jigs and templates for aid, can be made as often as required,
        • Mass Production
          • Hundreds of identical products usually from a production line, often involves assembly of number of sub-assemblies. Usually an automation taks, enables smaller number of workers to output productions
        • Continuous Flow
          • Thousands of identical products made
            • Production is 24/7 to eliminate extra costs and maximise production
              • Few workers are required for a highly automated

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