Geography Butler Tourist Lifecycle Model

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  • Created by: Beswick26
  • Created on: 06-12-15 14:05
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  • Butler Tourism Lifecycle Model (Blackpool)
    • What?
    • The Stages
      • Consolidation
        • Economy reliant on tourism
        • Significant effects on environment
        • Locals start to resent tourists
        • Road and rail improvements required
      • Stagnation
        • Facilities and services start to decline
        • Tourist numbers static
        • Destination is perceived as 'spolit'
        • Budget tourists encouraged
      • Development
        • Visitor numbers increase
        • Package holidays offered
        • Effects on economy and environment - good and bad
        • More attractions built
      • Rejeuvenation
        • Money invested, new attractions set up
        • Environmental impacts decrease
        • Economic impacts increase
        • Visitor numbers increase
      • Involvement
        • More people arrive, B & Bs open
        • Economic benefits increase
        • Transport improves
      • Decline
        • Investment declines
        • Crime, graffiti and shop closure
        • Day trips only
        • Reputation spoilt
      • Exploration
        • Few people visit
        • Little environment damage or economic benefits
        • Locals welcoming, culture unchanged
        • Tourists stay with locals - families & friends
    • Blackpool
      • Reasons for growth
        • Workers given annual holiday in 1870
        • Connection to the railway in 1846
        • Pier built in 1868
        • Tower built in 1894
        • 1879 Blackpool illuminations
      • Management
        • The introduction of Blue Flag Beaches - means they reach a certain standard
        • Park and ride
        • Tram network improvement
        • More car parking
      • Stage
        • Rejeuvenation
        • Package holidays
        • Budget airlines and cheaper flights
        • Overcrowding and stag/hen parties
      • What it's doing to rejeuvenate
        • Brilliance town center lighting scheme - allows people to explore the town at night
        • St. John's Square - new planting, paving and lighting. WiFi and wave sculpture added
        • £300 million investment scheme
        • New sea defenses added - the Spanish steps

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