Buddhist Beliefs

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  • Buddhist Beliefs
    • The Dhamma
      • It means the truth about the nature of existence - what the Buddha learnt when he became enlightened.
      • It can be seen as a way to seek for refuge. It's a way to seek for safety from suffering.
      • "To the Buddha for refuge I go, To the Dhamma for refuge I go, To the Sangha for refuge I go."
      • "My teaching is like a raft usefd to cross a river, only a food would carry the raft around after he has already reached the other shore," Thich Nhat Hanh
    • Dependent Arising
      • It expresses that life is just an interdependent web of conditions.
      • It shows nothing is eternal, everything is constantly changing.
      • Tibetan Wheel of Life
        • shows the dependent arising of life, death and rebirth.
        • Believe you are reborn into something - that depends on your actions (kamma)
        • Ultimate aim : to break free, leave the cycle of suffering behind. This is enlightenment - nibanna
      • "All events and incidents in life are so intimately linked with the fate of others," the Dalai Lama
      • "You also realize that every wave is related to every other wave" Tibetan Buddhist Teacher
    • The Four Noble Truths
      • They contain the essence of the Buddha's teachings
      • "The truth of suffering is like a disease, the truth of the origin is like a cure for the disease, the truth of the cesation is like a cure for the disease, and the truth of the path is like medicine
      • Dukkha : The first noble truth. Suffering exists.
        • 'the First Noble Truth; it is not, 'I am suffering and I want to end it.' The insight is, 'There is suffering' American Buddhist monk
      • Samudaya : The Second Noble Truth explores the origins of suffering
        • One of the main cause of suffering is tanha - craving.
        • The three poisons keep the Tibetan Wheel spinning - craving, greed and ignorance.
        • "It is craving which leads to renewed existence" The Buddha
      • Nirohda : The Third Noble Truth. There is an end to suffering.
        • It is to overcome craving and ignorance, need an inner satisfaction in life.
        • By overcoming this, you can reach nibbana and enlightenment
        • Now this, is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering: it is the remainderless fading away and the cessation of that same craving
      • Magga : The Fourth Noble Truth, it shows the cure to suffering.
        • It shows to follow the eightfold path.
        • "the noble eightfold path leads to the cessation of suffering."
    • Three Marks of Existence
      • Dukkha
        • It is the feeling of suffering or dissatisfaction
        • Dukkha-Dukkhata : ordinary pain, physical suffering
        • Viparinama-Dukkha : change
        • Samkhara-Dukkha : attachment
        • "What I teach is suffering and the cessation of suffering" The Buddha
      • Anicca
        • It means impermenance
        • It affects living things, non-living things and our minds
        • They link as anicca can cause dukkha.
          • Dukkha
            • It is the feeling of suffering or dissatisfaction
            • Dukkha-Dukkhata : ordinary pain, physical suffering
            • Viparinama-Dukkha : change
            • Samkhara-Dukkha : attachment
            • "What I teach is suffering and the cessation of suffering" The Buddha
      • Anatta
        • It is seen as 'no fixed self'
        • Instead we are made of the Five Aggregates: form, sensation, perception, mental formation and consciousness
        • "If all the harm, fear and suffering in the world occur due to grasping onto self, what use if that great demon to me.' Buddhist monk
    • Schools of Buddhism
      • Mahayanna
        • Umbrella term for new schools.
        • Believe in the importance of sunyata, which is seen as emptiness
        • They believe in Buddha-nature, deep down everyone is enlightened. They want to achieve Buddhahood - to become enlightened.
        • Pure Lands
          • A form of Mahayanna Buddhism
          • Believe in the Amitbha Buddha in the pure land and hope to be reborn into Sukhavati where he lives to be taught by him.
          • You can reach the pure land through religious practice.
          • "in this Buddha-field, they are all fixed on the right method of salvation, until they have won nirvana"
      • Theravada
        • This is an original school of Buddhism, 'school of elders'
        • Believe in the five agregates working together to make human personality.
      • Pure Lands
        • A form of Mahayanna Buddhism
        • Believe in the Amitbha Buddha in the pure land and hope to be reborn into Sukhavati where he lives to be taught by him.
        • You can reach the pure land through religious practice.
        • "in this Buddha-field, they are all fixed on the right method of salvation, until they have won nirvana"
    • Human Destiny
      • Arhat - a 'perfect person' who is free from the three poisons. This is followed by Theravada.
      • Bodhisattva - they become enlightened, yet stay in the cycle to help others achieve enlightenment
        • "However innumberable sentient beings are; I vow to save them" Bodhisattva vow

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