buddhism revision

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  • Buddhism
    • Different approaches
      • Mahayana
        • Japanese Buddhism
          • Zen
            • Soto
            • Rinzai
            • Symbol = 'pinnacle of zen' koans used eg. tree sound if fell in forest.
          • Pure Land
            • Think Amida  Buddha will save them, take to Pure Land where easier to access Enlightenment.
              • Amida Sutra
          • Nichiren
        • 'Great vessel' aim = all to Enlightenment , Bodhisattvas
        • 'Lotus Sutra'
        • Heart Sutra
      • Theravadin
        • Monasteries, Sangha important
          • Tripitaka used, Patimokkha, Vinaya Pitaka, Metta Sutta
      • Modern Buddhism
    • Buddha's life
      • Jataka Tales
      • Asita, Mara, golden glow, PARABLE, 3 refuges (dharma, sangha & Buddha) Siddhartha Gautama, four sights, sakyamuni Buddha
      • Cush "this was no ordinary man but one unique in our world."
      • Chryssides "the Buddha was a man... not a saviour... an example for others to follow."
      • Psychologists analyse Buddha's behaviour as extremes, "split",  all strong emotions.
      • Williams "it is only self-evident to start the study of a religion with the life-story of the founder,"
        • Klostermaier "Buddha compared his activity with the clearing of a jungle path that had been overgrown."
      • * Peter Harvey "Tree birth fits life pattern, first sermon in park"
    • 400 million followers
    • Meditation
      • not a form of prayer, don't want higher intervention
    • Bhikkhu Buddhadasa ('No Religion') "there is no religious identification whatsoever... there is no Buddhism, no Christianity."
      • Cousins "it is an error to think of a pure Buddhism... such a Buddhism has never existed."
    • Enlightenment
      • Gombrich  Enlightenment  = "mental ascent."    "it is the total recognition that Mara is an aspect of himself that's his Enlightenment." "Orthopraxy not orthodoxy." "focus not in trust in higher being but what's relevant, personal salvation."
      • James "the word Enlightenment is a rendering of satori in Japanese, which... is a translation of the Chinese Wu."
        • Japanese Buddhism
          • Zen
            • Soto
            • Rinzai
            • Symbol = 'pinnacle of zen' koans used eg. tree sound if fell in forest.
          • Pure Land
            • Think Amida  Buddha will save them, take to Pure Land where easier to access Enlightenment.
              • Amida Sutra
          • Nichiren
    • Death
      • Dalai Lama, fear of death can lead to refuge in intoxicants, we are scared that ourselves is all we have when we die so we cling, need to break cycle so have to stop clinging, therefore, have to accept we will all die.
      • Tibetan Wheel of life
    • Jane Hirshfield (Zen Buddhist) coffee cup analogy, everyday life = miraculous, too caught up on aesthetics to appreciate.
    • Meditation
      • definition = 'altered state of consciousness induced in a controlled manner.'
      • Yoga tradition = from eng word yoke - harness mind's power, Brahmans & Samanas meditated. Believed power of meditation = cumulative, in life attention always divided, need to focus on right mindfulness.

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