CIST 1 Migration

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  • Migration
    • Push/Pull Factors
      • Push Factors:
        • Famine
          • people can be forced to migrate because of famine caused   crop failure e.g. In 1974 Bangladesh had an awful famine and resulted in mass immigration to Britain in the following years
        • War
          • People flee a place of conflict. E.g. In 2013 there were 681 Syrian applicants for asylum following the horrific civil war waging there.
      • Pull Factors:
        • Employment
          • People move to places that can provide more and better job opportunities. E.g the unemployment rate in 2005 in Poland was 18.5% whilst in the UK it was 5.1%.
        • Living Conditions
    • Arguments For/Against Immigration to the UK
      • Against:
        • Too much immigration increases population. E.g In 2014 183,400 more immigrants arriving in the UK than emigrants leaving. The UK population now totals 53.9 million.
          • This puts pressure on resources such as the NHS.
        • One argument is they take jobs from British workers or claim our benefits.
          • However between 1998 and 2011 as many as 37% of natives were receiving some kind of state benefit or tax credit; European immigrants were nearly eight percentage points less likely to collect them.
      • For:
        • They will pay into the economy. E.g. between 1995 and 2011 the migrants made a positive contribution of more than £4 billion to Britain.
    • Trends in UK Migration since 1945
      • At the end of WW2-shortage on workers>>some 157,000 Poles were the first to settle in Britain.
        • In 1945, Britain's non-white residents numbered in the low thousands. By 1970 Britain’s non-white residents numbered aprox. 1.4 million - a third of these children born in the United Kingdom.
          • In 1972 when the Ugandan dictator General Idi Amin expelled 80,000 African Asians from the country. Many held British passports and, amid a major crisis, the UK admitted 28,000 in two months.
            • The growth of asylum seeker applications contributed to a new growth of immigration to the UK. Between 1998 and 2000, some 45,000 people arrived from Africa, 22,700 from the Indian sub-continent, 25,000 from Asia.
              • From 2010 onwards there has been an influx of Bulgarian and Romanian immigrant.

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