British History- Living Standards Mind Map

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  • British Living Standards (1918-1939
    • Incomes
      • Severe recession in '21
      • Many families had to get by on less than £5 a week
      • However, average real cost of living fell by more than a third between '20-'38
        • Quality of life in York increased by 30% between 1899-1936
      • Increase in contraception shrank family sizes down
    • Health and Diet
      • '21- 1,187,450 mean in receipt of disability pensions due to WWI
      • Decline in alcohol consumption following the 1914 Defence of the Realm Act banned it.
      • Healthier diet promoted by rationing
        • Additionally, healthier diet promoted by the 1914 Education (Provision of Meals) Act to all needy schoolchildren.
      • Healthcare slightly improved
        • '22- infant mortality had halved from 1900 levels.
          • More people survived to the age of 65. Hospitals, however, weren't readily available
    • Regional variations
      • Unemploym-ent never fell below 1m between 1921-1940.
        • Rose 3m in 1932 and 1933.
      • 1929- 5% of those in need of benefits had been jobless for over 1 year.
        • By 1932, this had risen to 16.4%
      • Beveridge (in '44) calculated that 85% of all long-term unemploym-ent was located in the North of England, Scotland, and Wales
      • Impact on local areas = 62% of all shipbuilders were unemployed in 1932 compared to 20% in car manufacture
    • Consumption
      • Electricity consumed increased from 730,000 in 1920 to 9m in 1938.
        • The share of homes with electricity increased from 32% in 1932 to 66% in 1938
          • This expansion was encouraged by the 1926 Electrical (Supply) Act, which established a Central Electricity Board and a National Grid
  • 20% of households owned a car in the south-east, compared to only 12% in the North
    • Additionally, poorer people usually banded together to buy cars.
      • Cars bought in the south-east were much more likely to be privately owned.
    • Consumption
      • Electricity consumed increased from 730,000 in 1920 to 9m in 1938.
        • The share of homes with electricity increased from 32% in 1932 to 66% in 1938
          • This expansion was encouraged by the 1926 Electrical (Supply) Act, which established a Central Electricity Board and a National Grid

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