Britain's Ageing Population - Case study

I have copied some of the information from other places.

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Britain's ageing population - Case study.
    • Causes of Ageing population
      • Most European countries such as Britain are in stage 4. Advances in medicine, free health care and family planning keep birth and death rates low, allowing the population to rise steadily. Late in stage 4, the population begins to plateau. 
      • The children from the baby boom in 1946 – 1964, with 17 million births in Britain alone, are now reaching retirement.
      • An Introduction of routine vaccinations makes people less vulnerable to disease.
      • Improvements in sanitation, such as sewage disposal systems, means that we have less access to harmful bacteria.
      • Lots of women choosing to stay in education for longer and have a career, so hold off on having children, and then some don't all together. This means there is a lot less younger people.
    • Implications of an ageing population
      • Social
        • The reduction in numbers of school-age children may lead to many schools being below their capacity, and a few being too small to be financially viable. 
          • Disruption and public protest ensued when some were closed.
            • Political
              • Later Retirement - the decline in numbers of traditional working age combined with increased levels of health in 65-70 year olds is likely to make later retirement an option.
                • Social
                  • The reduction in numbers of school-age children may lead to many schools being below their capacity, and a few being too small to be financially viable. 
                    • Disruption and public protest ensued when some were closed.
                      • Political
                        • Later Retirement - the decline in numbers of traditional working age combined with increased levels of health in 65-70 year olds is likely to make later retirement an option.
                          • ·         Growth in “Grey Power” - the increasing numbers of active people in “early” old age will begin to find their political feet and take advantage of their post-retirement leisure to exert an increasing influence on decision-making.
                    • Better transport. 
                • ·         Growth in “Grey Power” - the increasing numbers of active people in “early” old age will begin to find their political feet and take advantage of their post-retirement leisure to exert an increasing influence on decision-making.
          • Better transport. 
        • Economical
          • Career Stagnation - delayed retirement of senior staff may block promotion for younger people, leading to frustration and de-motivation.
          • ·         Increased National Spending - hospitals, nursing homes, social security benefits, transport, and state pension provision.
          • ·         Unequal distribution of population – for example, in Eastbourne services and facilities are most suited to elderly people, therefore it is inadequate for younger people i.e.  Free bus pass for 65+, little bars and clubs.
            • Low paid jobs.
            • High house prices.
            • Not enough care workers to support the elderly. 
            • Older people do a lot of volunteer work. 
              • Environmental
                • ·         Internal Migration - the retired population traditionally moves away from the cities to more rural or leisure-based areas.
            • Environmental
              • ·         Internal Migration - the retired population traditionally moves away from the cities to more rural or leisure-based areas.
              • Demographic
          • Which vital rates are changing?
            • Britain's ageing population - Case study.
              • Causes of Ageing population
                • Most European countries such as Britain are in stage 4. Advances in medicine, free health care and family planning keep birth and death rates low, allowing the population to rise steadily. Late in stage 4, the population begins to plateau. 
                • The children from the baby boom in 1946 – 1964, with 17 million births in Britain alone, are now reaching retirement.
                • An Introduction of routine vaccinations makes people less vulnerable to disease.
                • Improvements in sanitation, such as sewage disposal systems, means that we have less access to harmful bacteria.
                • Lots of women choosing to stay in education for longer and have a career, so hold off on having children, and then some don't all together. This means there is a lot less younger people.
              • Implications of an ageing population
                • Economical
                  • Career Stagnation - delayed retirement of senior staff may block promotion for younger people, leading to frustration and de-motivation.
                  • ·         Increased National Spending - hospitals, nursing homes, social security benefits, transport, and state pension provision.
                  • ·         Unequal distribution of population – for example, in Eastbourne services and facilities are most suited to elderly people, therefore it is inadequate for younger people i.e.  Free bus pass for 65+, little bars and clubs.
                    • Low paid jobs.
                    • High house prices.
                    • Not enough care workers to support the elderly. 
                    • Older people do a lot of volunteer work. 
                    • Demographic
                • Fertility rate has fallen in the last 40 years
                • Birth rate has risen in the last decade.

              Comments

              No comments have yet been made

              Similar Geography resources:

              See all Geography resources »See all Population change and migration resources »