Britain in 1783

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  • Britain in 1783
    • Political
      • General Elections took place - To appoint the Prime Minister.
        • The King had a huge political impact, and British Society was dominated by the monarchy.
          • King- Could make or break a ministry. If the PM didn't respect the King he could get rid of him.
        • IN ORDER TO VOTE YOU HAD TO: BE MALE, OVER 21 AND OWN PROPERY
        • The rich could often "buy" seats, meaning that the landed gentry also dominated The Hose of Commons
    • General Knowledge.
      • King= William Pitt (The Younger)- aged 24. Came to power in 1783- Britain in serious crisis.
        • Defeated in the American War of Independence
          • Hurt Britain publicly & economically.
          • Lost North American territories (and the resources that came with it).
            • Trade had been disrupted = Value of exports had declined
    • Social
      • Society dominated by monarchy, landowning class & church
        • The Anglican Church dominated politics & no non-anglican patron could be appointed into government.
          • The Church influenced education and the population's daily life.
      • 8-13 MILLION PEOPLE. RAPID POPULATION GROWTH.
        • Britain was much more prosperous than its foreign rivals and it was the leading power in the manufacture of textiles (particularly cotton), coal and iron.
      • 2/3 of the population still worked the fields and urbanisation had only just begun.
        • Urbanisation means an increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas compared to rural areas.
          • urban- town/city
          • rural area- countryside
    • Economics
      • National Debt of 242 millon= a major financial crisis
      • Belief in High Tariffs on imports, idea to protect British Businesses.
        • Negative as there wasn't any free trade which usually makes up profit whilst trading. A lack of profit means less money for Britain.
      • Britain had acquired sufficient wealth during he 18th Century from its North American and Caribbean empires & the Atlantic Slave Trade, which had been used to finance industrial and commercial growth.
    • Religious Influence
      • Non-conformists groups (non-conformity) was rising and calls for social, political & religious equality grew in voice.
        • QUAKERS, BAPTISTS & METHODIST
        • There was an increase in religious tension.
    • Advancement
      • James Hargreaves 'spinning jenny'
      • Samuel Crompton's 'Mule'
        • James Hargreaves 'spinning jenny'
        • Helped increase the output per worker while manufacturing gad relocated from the cottage industry
          • To factories located near sources of power as rivers for water power or coal for steam power.
      • The Opening of the Bridgewater Canal in 1961.
        • Followed by a network of interlocking canal systems
          • Which increased trade routes throughout the country.

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