Britain 1939-51 p2

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  • Created on: 06-03-17 18:20
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  • Britain 1939-51
    • Economy
      • Rise of Mixed Management
        • Nationalisation of key industries: Bank of England 1946, Public Transport 1948, Gas 1949, Iron and Steel 1951.
        • Economic Planning Council established in 1947 to check issues like levels of production & imports & the National Agricultural Advisory Service gave farmers advice on how to improve efficiency.
      • Austerity and Rationing
        • Part of Attlee's 'middle way' a period of Austerity enforced by Chancellor Stafford Cripps to aid economic recovery.
        • Rationing on several foods extended until 1951.
        • Controls also put on levels of rent, profits and interest rates.
    • Politics
      • National Government
        • MacDonald formed a National Government with ministers from the Labour, Liberal and Conservative parties.
        • Majority of  Labour refused to support the National Government, expelling members who did.
      • 39-45 Churchill
        • War Cabinet of just five men to make quick decisions about the war.
        • New ministries created. Churchill put people incharge of them if they had a good track record of getting things done regardless if they had prior political experience.
        • Emergency Powers Act May 1940 gave wide ranging powers to the government over the British people.
        • Churchill was Minister for Defence as well as PM. He played a lead role in military strategy. Big success in domestic morale due to his inspirational speeches.
      • 1945 Labour Victory
        • Conservatives seem as appeasers of Hitler, also blamed for failing to re-arm Britain.
        • Held out the prospect of new social order with better housing, free medical services & employment for all.
        • Labour had longer to organise a plan.
        • Socialist Government.
        • Although Churchill won the war, he was not the best man to lead the nation into peacetime.
      • Conservative Failure
        • Not specific about social reforms they proposed.
        • Circumstances of July 1945 meant they were not perpared to fight a general election. Almost 300 of the parties constituency agents and organisers still involved with war work. Local officers closed down.
        • WW2 turned people against Conservatives due to shadow of Neville Chamberlain.
        • Conservatives didn't like spending money = high unemployment.
        • Churchill compared the Labour party to the Nazi's, appalled a lot of people, a 'tawdry affair.'
        • Conservatives believed that socialist propaganda foisted on the troops caused their defeat.
        • Conservative's relied too much on Churchill. Poster said 'Confirm Your Faith In Churchill.'
      • Labour Strength
        • People liked Labour's commitment to parliamentary socialism.
        • Labour's manifesto promised radical reconstruction of the economy with the Nationalisation of major industries, e.g the NHS.
        • Had the backing of trade unions, engaged in Labour's election campaign in the constituencies
        • Labour's manifesto, 'Let Us Face The Future' encourages people to turn wartime spirit into peacetime reconstruction
        • Leading figurs of Labour party played leading roles on the home front during war. Experienced, respected and well known.
        • Labour propaganda said 'Give them homes and work.'


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