Bristold Mindmap

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  • BRISTOL
    • Site
      • Original settlement was on River Avon and River Frome
      • The settlement then began to spread up the River valleys and hills
      • The settlement grew because of trading with South Wales/Ireland thanks to the safe tidal harbour (provided by River Avon)
    • Situation
      • In a national context, Bristol is situated to the S.W. of the Cotswold Hills and to the N. of the Mendip Hills
      • It's on the banks of the River Avon and 10KM E. of the River Severn
    • Connectivity
      • Trading settlement with Spain, Portugal and colonies in the New World
      • Involved in the slave triangle
      • Excellent railway links with the rest of the UK with 2 major stations: Bristol Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway
      • 2 motorways that link it to the rest of the UK (M4 and M5)
      • Planes fly to 112 countries from the international airport, which is S.W. of city
    • Structure/ Functions
      • Central Business District (CBD)
        • Cabot Circus, The Galleries, Broadmead Shopping Centre
      • Outer Suburbs
        • Housing estates built in the 1970's
      • Urban-Rural Fringe
        • New housing estate close to the outer ring road, Cribbs Causeway (an out-of-town shopping centre)
      • Inner City
        • Larger housing on a major road leading into the city (the A4), Smaller inner-city housing
      • Inner Suburbs
        • Housing built along major roads
    • Urbanisation
      • The increase in the number of people living in towns and cities compared to the number of people living in the countryside
      • Bristol started to urbanise when it developed as a trading settlement. This was during the 14th/15th centuries
      • Bristol expended in the late 18th century in the Clifton area when rich merchants built  houses there to be further from the docks
      • The suburbs began to grow in the inter-war period with houses being built in areas such as Brislington. Newer suburbs such as Stockwood were built in the 1960s.
    • Counter-Urbanisation
      • Counter-urbanisation has seen a decline in Bristol's population in the later half of the 20th century, but
        • Re-Urbanisation
          • Re-urbanisation has seen the development of many new housing estates and small towns built on the edge of the city from the 1980s onwards, such as Bradley Stoke to the north of Bristol
  • KEY TERMS
    • Urbanisation
      • The increase in the number of people living in towns and cities compared to the number of people living in the countryside
    • Sub-Urbanisation
      • The growth of a town or city into the surrounding countryside, which usually joins it to villages on its outskirts making one large built up area
    • Counter-Urbanisation
      • The movement of people from cities to countryside areas
    • Re-Urbanisation
      • The movement of people back into urban areas, usually after a city has been modernised
    • Slave Triangle
      • Describes a three-part journey: ships left British ports-such as Bristol-with goods such as cloth and guns; they sailed to Africa where these goods were sold and slaves were brought; the slaves were taken to the Caribbean and sold. Goods such as sugar were brought with the money and brought back to England.
    • Emigration
      • The process of moving out of a country
    • Immigration
      • The process of moving into a country

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15emilyglanville

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15emilyglanville

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