Relationship Breakdown

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 05-06-15 13:46
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  • Breakdown of relationships
    • Duck
      • Factors linked to the likelihood of a relationship breakdown:
        • Marriages in which partners were very young
        • Early parenthood
        • Being in a low socioeconomic group
        • Poor education
        • Partners are of a different race or religion
        • One or both partners have parents who divorced
        • One of the partners had a greater number of sexual partners before marriage
      • Further factors linked to relationship breakdown:
        • Lack of social skills
        • Lack of stimulation
        • Extramarital affairs
      • 3 categories of break up:
        • Pre-existing doom, mechanical failure and sudden death
    • Baron and Byrne
      • Interpersonal factors leading to a relationship breakdown:
        • Partners are unable to express their feelings
        • Jealousy
        • Attitudes or values change
        • The relationship becomes routine or boring
        • Lack of sexual satisfaction
    • Rusbult and Zembrodt
      • Reactions to problems within a relationship:
        • Satisfaction
          • Constructive strategy - talk about their concerns (active) or wait for the situation to improve (passive)
        • Dissatisfaction
          • Destructive strategy - either exit the relationship or show signs of neglect of it
    • Duck and Rollie
      • Model of breakdown:
        • Breakdown, the intra-psychic phase, dyadic phase, social phase, grave-dressing and the resurrection process
    • Lee
      • 5 stages in a relationship breakdown:
        • Dissatisfaction, exposure, negotiation, resolution and termination
      • Survey of 112 couples experiencing relationship breakdown
        • Exposure and negotiation - most exhausting phases
        • Those who moved straight from dissatisfaction to termination had poorer relationships
    • Social Exchange Theory
      • If a person decides the costs outweigh the benefits in their relationship and an alternative has more to offer, the individual will exit the relationship
    • Tashiro and Frazier
      • Surveyed undergraduates who had recently gone through a breakup
        • Although they had experienced emotional distress, they also experienced personal growth and gained new insights of themselves
    • Evaluation:
      • +VE recognises the complexity of break ups
      • -VE cultural bias - most studies done in Western countries
      • +VE Duck's phases are frequently encountered
      • -VE women are more likely to stress unhappiness in a relationship (theories don't take into account gender differences)


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